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Open AccessEditorial
Religions 2014, 5(3), 871-875;

Religions and Psychotherapies—Special Issue

Caritas Science and Christian Social Work, Faculty of Theology, Albert-Ludwig-University Freiburg, Platz der Universität 3, D-79098 Freiburg, Germany
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Georg-August University Göttingen, Von-Siebold-Str. 5, D-37075 Göttingen, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 August 2014 / Accepted: 25 August 2014 / Published: 28 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religions and Psychotherapies)
Full-Text   |   PDF [86 KB, uploaded 28 August 2014]


The birth of modern psychotherapies—along with the birth of psychology as a science on one side and with psychoanalysis, other depth-psychological treatments and behavioral therapies in addition to medical treatments of psychological disorders on the other side—in the 19th and 20th centuries was accompanied by positivistic and mechanistic paradigms underlying empirical research and claims of scientific dignity [1]. Affirmations which could not be tested or observed empirically had to be excluded from science—including any kind of metaphysics and religious belief, notwithstanding pioneering studies by William James [2], Granville Stanley Hall, James Henry Leuba and Edwin Diller Starbuck [3] for psychology in general and for psychology of religion(s) in particular. In particular, the critique of religions by Sigmund Freud has continuously exerted a strong impact in the fields of psychiatry and psychotherapies; in addition, regarding psychodynamics and symptoms of psychic disorders, religious phenomena in the lives of patients may be just as affected as other cognitive and emotional aspects and behaviors [4]. Consequently, religious experience and religious behavior of patients in psychiatry and psychotherapies have rarely been object of research and teaching apart from predominantly symptomatic and pathogenic perspectives [5]. View Full-Text
Keywords: religions and psychotherapies; religious coping; religions and mental health; religions and psychopathologies religions and psychotherapies; religious coping; religions and mental health; religions and psychopathologies
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Baumann, K.; Pajonk, F.-G.B. Religions and Psychotherapies—Special Issue. Religions 2014, 5, 871-875.

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