Next Article in Journal
Hinduism in India and Congregational Forms: Influences of Modernization and Social Networks
Next Article in Special Issue
Meditation Based Therapies—A Systematic Review and Some Critical Observations
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Transpersonal Psychology: Mapping Spiritual Experience
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Religions 2011, 2(4), 659-675;

Transforming Losses―A Major Task of Spiritually Integrated Psychotherapy

Professor of Spiritual Care, Interdisciplinary Centre of Palliative Medicine, Munich School of Philosophy, University of Munich, Kaulbachstrasse 31a, 80539 Muenchen, Germany
Received: 1 September 2011 / Revised: 23 November 2011 / Accepted: 24 November 2011 / Published: 25 November 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religions and Psychotherapies)
Full-Text   |   PDF [322 KB, uploaded 1 December 2011]


Since Freud’s “Mourning and Melancholia”, bereavement encompasses the dilemma between continuing versus relinquishing bonds to deceased persons. Mourning is the process of symbolizing the loss, of making sense by facing the conflict between the absence of the lost object and the continuing presence of an emotional relationship to that which is lost. Furthermore, mourning is not limited to bereaved persons but also concerns dying persons and, in a broader sense, our whole symbolic life which is playful coping with a rhythm of absence and presence. True consolation connects the individual and the archetypical mourning. Spiritually integrated psychotherapy may accompany this process by amplification. Christian mysticism takes its starting point from the experience of Jesus Christ’s lost body, and this may be understood as a model of spiritual transformation. View Full-Text
Keywords: mourning; living symbol; mysticism; spiritually integrated psychotherapy mourning; living symbol; mysticism; spiritually integrated psychotherapy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Frick, E. Transforming Losses―A Major Task of Spiritually Integrated Psychotherapy. Religions 2011, 2, 659-675.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top