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Article

Investigating Attitudes toward Those Who Leave Religion among Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Believers

1
Research Unit Migration, Integration, Transnationalization, WZB Berlin Social Science Center, 10785 Berlin, Germany
2
Department of Sociology, University of Münster, 48149 Münster, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Julia Martínez-Ariño
Religions 2022, 13(8), 682; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13080682
Received: 30 April 2022 / Revised: 18 July 2022 / Accepted: 19 July 2022 / Published: 26 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Apostasy and Other Forms of Leaving Religion)
This study investigates the determinants of negative attitudes toward individuals who leave their religion, i.e., converts and apostates, among Christian, Jewish, and Muslim believers. Drawing on the literature from the study of religion and prejudice, we identify and test the explanatory power of three dimensions of religiosity: religious practice, religious fundamentalism, and religious knowledge, while an alternative hypothesis focuses on the role of education. Our data is derived from a cross-sectional survey fielded among more than 8000 Christian, Jewish, or Muslim respondents in 7 countries. Using ordinary least squares regression analyses, we find that, across the three religious groups, both religious practice and religious fundamentalism are strongly associated with negative feelings toward converts and apostates. Although the effect of religious knowledge is negligible, educational attainment significantly predicts lower levels of unfavorable attitudes. We conclude by discussing some notable differences between the three religious groups and between the countries in which these groups and individuals are located. View Full-Text
Keywords: apostates; converts; attitudes; fundamentalism; religious knowledge; Islam; Christianity; Judaism apostates; converts; attitudes; fundamentalism; religious knowledge; Islam; Christianity; Judaism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kanol, E.; Michalowski, I. Investigating Attitudes toward Those Who Leave Religion among Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Believers. Religions 2022, 13, 682. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13080682

AMA Style

Kanol E, Michalowski I. Investigating Attitudes toward Those Who Leave Religion among Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Believers. Religions. 2022; 13(8):682. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13080682

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kanol, Eylem, and Ines Michalowski. 2022. "Investigating Attitudes toward Those Who Leave Religion among Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Believers" Religions 13, no. 8: 682. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13080682

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