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Article

Passive Freedom of Education: Educational Choice in Flanders and The Netherlands

1
Centre Pieter Gillis, University of Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
2
Faculty of Religion and Theology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Daniel M. Stuart
Religions 2022, 13(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13010012
Received: 26 October 2021 / Revised: 24 November 2021 / Accepted: 26 November 2021 / Published: 23 December 2021
According to the ECHR, parents have the right to have their children educated in conformity with their own religious and philosophical convictions. In this contribution, we examine how this passive freedom of education is granted in the Belgian (Flemish) and Dutch education systems, which are both characterised by substantial funding of non-governmental (mainly Christian) schools. In order to do so, we will have a closer look at the diversity between denominational schools as well as to the diversity within these schools, with a particular focus on their school identity and their policy concerning Religious Education (RE). In addition, attention will be given to the organisation of RE classes in governmental schools, which is also considered a means to guarantee the passive freedom of education. Our analysis brings us to the conclusion that, in spite of a similar legal and financial framework, the Dutch constellation is currently best able to guarantee passive freedom of education for all in today’s secularised, pluralistic context. View Full-Text
Keywords: freedom of education; freedom of religion; religious education; faith-based schools; Belgium; the Netherlands freedom of education; freedom of religion; religious education; faith-based schools; Belgium; the Netherlands
MDPI and ACS Style

Franken, L.; Bertram-Troost, G. Passive Freedom of Education: Educational Choice in Flanders and The Netherlands. Religions 2022, 13, 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13010012

AMA Style

Franken L, Bertram-Troost G. Passive Freedom of Education: Educational Choice in Flanders and The Netherlands. Religions. 2022; 13(1):12. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13010012

Chicago/Turabian Style

Franken, Leni, and Gerdien Bertram-Troost. 2022. "Passive Freedom of Education: Educational Choice in Flanders and The Netherlands" Religions 13, no. 1: 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13010012

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