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Ensuring Individual Rights through Institutional Freedoms: The Role of Religious Institutions in Securing Religious Rights

by 1,* and 2
1
Department of Political Studies, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan 5290002, Israel
2
Department of Sociology and Criminology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Timothy Shah and Nathan A. Berkeley
Religions 2021, 12(4), 273; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12040273
Received: 17 March 2021 / Revised: 5 April 2021 / Accepted: 7 April 2021 / Published: 15 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Freedom of Religious Institutions in Society)
Understanding the restrictions placed on religious institutions and associations, or the freedoms that they are denied, is essential for understanding the limits placed on individual religious freedoms and human rights more generally. This study uses the Religion and State round 3 (RAS3) dataset to track restrictions faced by religious organizations and individuals between 1990 and 2014 and explores how reduced institutional freedoms results in fewer individual freedoms. We find that restrictions on both institutional and individual religious freedoms are common and rising. Restrictions on institutional religious freedom are harsher against religious minorities than restrictions on individual freedoms. However, against the majority religion, restrictions on individual religious freedoms are harsher. View Full-Text
Keywords: Religious freedom; religious institutions; human rights Religious freedom; religious institutions; human rights
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fox, J.; Finke, R. Ensuring Individual Rights through Institutional Freedoms: The Role of Religious Institutions in Securing Religious Rights. Religions 2021, 12, 273. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12040273

AMA Style

Fox J, Finke R. Ensuring Individual Rights through Institutional Freedoms: The Role of Religious Institutions in Securing Religious Rights. Religions. 2021; 12(4):273. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12040273

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fox, Jonathan, and Roger Finke. 2021. "Ensuring Individual Rights through Institutional Freedoms: The Role of Religious Institutions in Securing Religious Rights" Religions 12, no. 4: 273. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12040273

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