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Article

Contingency, Free Will, and Particular Providence

Facultad de Filosofía, Universidad San Dámaso, Calle Jerte 10, 28005 Madrid, Spain
Academic Editors: Piotr Roszak and Sasa Horvat
Religions 2021, 12(10), 832; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12100832
Received: 30 August 2021 / Revised: 28 September 2021 / Accepted: 29 September 2021 / Published: 6 October 2021
The results from contemporary science, especially the theory of evolution and quantum physics, seem to favor process theology. Moreover, the evil committed by free will leads some theologians to reduce divine action in order to prevent God from being responsible for evil. Thus, among those who defend a particular providence, Molinism finds many followers. This article first argues that contemporary science does not constrain us to deny particular providence. Second, it criticizes the implicitly deterministic character of Molinism. Thirdly, a Thomistic solution is proposed as an alternative which, by means of a different metaphysical approach to cosmic contingency and freedom of will, defends particular providence without reducing divine activity except in personal sins. View Full-Text
Keywords: determinism; Molinism; Aquinas; Francisco Suárez determinism; Molinism; Aquinas; Francisco Suárez
MDPI and ACS Style

Torrijos-Castrillejo, D. Contingency, Free Will, and Particular Providence. Religions 2021, 12, 832. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12100832

AMA Style

Torrijos-Castrillejo D. Contingency, Free Will, and Particular Providence. Religions. 2021; 12(10):832. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12100832

Chicago/Turabian Style

Torrijos-Castrillejo, David. 2021. "Contingency, Free Will, and Particular Providence" Religions 12, no. 10: 832. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12100832

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