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Article

NGOization of Islamic Education: The Post-Coup Turkish State and Sufi Orders in Africa South of the Sahara

Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61801, USA
Religions 2021, 12(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12010024
Received: 11 November 2020 / Revised: 22 December 2020 / Accepted: 23 December 2020 / Published: 30 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Africa, Globalization and the Muslim Worlds)
This article analyzes the recently formed transnational networks of Islamic education between Turkey and Africa south of the Sahara through the study of the neglected case of Erenköy Cemaati. The expansion of the schools affiliated with Erenköy Cemaati cannot be divorced from Turkey’s Africa strategy and the growing importance of education within it since the late 2000s. Although Sufi orders and state institutions historically represent two divergent and conflicting streams of Islamic education in Turkey, the analysis of Erenköy Cemaati’s schools in Africa south of the Sahara reveal their rapprochement in novel ways. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in Turkey, Tanzania, and Senegal, this article shows that the complex relations between the Turkish state and Sufi orders in the field of education in Africa are facilitated by a constellation of non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Situating ethnographic data in historical context, it argues that the Islamic schools of Erenköy Cemaati are produced by the overlapping processes of the NGOization of Sufi orders in response to earlier state repression in Turkey and the NGOization of education in the wake of the neoliberal restructuring in Africa. While contributing to our understanding of post-coup Turkey and its evolving relations with Africa south of the Sahara, this article provides at the same time a new window into the NGOization of Islamic education on the continent. View Full-Text
Keywords: Islamic education; Sufi orders; NGOization; transnationalism; Turkey; Senegal; Tanzania Islamic education; Sufi orders; NGOization; transnationalism; Turkey; Senegal; Tanzania
MDPI and ACS Style

Guner, E. NGOization of Islamic Education: The Post-Coup Turkish State and Sufi Orders in Africa South of the Sahara. Religions 2021, 12, 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12010024

AMA Style

Guner E. NGOization of Islamic Education: The Post-Coup Turkish State and Sufi Orders in Africa South of the Sahara. Religions. 2021; 12(1):24. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12010024

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guner, Ezgi. 2021. "NGOization of Islamic Education: The Post-Coup Turkish State and Sufi Orders in Africa South of the Sahara" Religions 12, no. 1: 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12010024

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