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Article

Playful Religion: An Innovative Approach to Prevent Radicalisation of Muslim Youth in Europe

1
Islamitisch Kennis Cenrum (IKC), Laan op Zuid 129, 3072 DB Rotterdam, The Netherlands
2
Independent researcher, 44267 Dortmund, Germany
3
Z-in-gesprek, coaching&consultancy, Ede 6711 PK, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2020, 11(2), 67; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11020067
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 9 January 2020 / Accepted: 21 January 2020 / Published: 31 January 2020
Radicalisation of Muslim youth is a hot item in the Netherlands. Deradicalisation is therefore high on the agenda. In our view, however, the deradicalisation processes begin at a moment ‘when it is too late to lock the stable door, because the horse has already bolted’. That is why our focus is on the prevention of radicalisation. In our contribution, we explore the concept of ‘radicalisation’ and inform the reader about deradicalisation programmes developed in the Netherlands and in Europe. The lack of success of these programmes challenges us to focus on ‘prevention’. In our view, a playful dialogical encounter in a safe space is a must in the approach of young people who are on the verge of radicalisation. The above-mentioned concepts of radicalisation, deradicalisation and prevention are presented in the first paragraph, followed by a discussion of de- and counter-radicalisation programmes in paragraph two. The third paragraph focuses on the prevention of radicalisation in education. Crucial here is a dialogical relationship between teachers and students, between the students themselves and within the students’ inner selves. This latter aspect is inspired by the theoretical framework of the dialogical self-theory, with its core concept of ‘multi-voicedness’ and ‘positioning of voices’. Special attention in the positioning process is given to resilience. The heart of this publication is dedicated to the re-invention of an age-old Islamic game: shaṭranj al-ʿārifīn’. In the fourth paragraph, we describe its origins and our adapted version of this game. Playing the game in pilot studies—a ‘serious play session’—increases young people’s awareness of religion and its positioning, resulting in strengthening resilience in their life orientation. In the concluding fifth paragraph, we state that our innovative, playful and theoretically well-framed approach is a promising module to be implemented in formal and informal education. View Full-Text
Keywords: Islamic religious education; playfulness; pedagogical strategy; dialogical self-theory; prevention of radicalisation Islamic religious education; playfulness; pedagogical strategy; dialogical self-theory; prevention of radicalisation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gurlesin, O.; Akdag, M.; Alasag, A.; Avest, I.t. Playful Religion: An Innovative Approach to Prevent Radicalisation of Muslim Youth in Europe. Religions 2020, 11, 67. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11020067

AMA Style

Gurlesin O, Akdag M, Alasag A, Avest It. Playful Religion: An Innovative Approach to Prevent Radicalisation of Muslim Youth in Europe. Religions. 2020; 11(2):67. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11020067

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gurlesin, Omer, Muhammed Akdag, Alper Alasag, and Ina t. Avest. 2020. "Playful Religion: An Innovative Approach to Prevent Radicalisation of Muslim Youth in Europe" Religions 11, no. 2: 67. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11020067

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