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The Reincarnation of Waste: A Case Study of Spiritual Ecology Activism for Household Solid Waste Management: The Samdrup Jongkhar Initiative of Rural Bhutan

Philosophy and Religion, California Institute of Integral Studies, San Francisco, CA 94103, USA
Religions 2019, 10(9), 514; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10090514
Received: 1 August 2019 / Revised: 28 August 2019 / Accepted: 31 August 2019 / Published: 4 September 2019
As rural and subsistence households in the Global South take on the consumption habits of industrialized countries, shifting consumption patterns have contributed to cascades of nonbiodegradable solid waste overwhelming the ability of households, municipal authorities, and governments to manage. As global capitalism expands around the world, spiritual ecology approaches to waste and pollution can provide deeper insight into the attitudes and practices that create a “throw away” society. In rural southern Bhutan, the revered Buddhist teacher, Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche, initiated a waste reduction project based on Bhutan’s guiding development philosophy of Gross National Happiness. Through engaging cultural and spiritual values, and drawing on the inspirational qualities of social and spiritual leaders, the Samdrup Jongkhar Initiative’s Zero Waste project is an example of spiritual ecology activism for household waste management and waste reduction. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid waste management; Vajrayana Buddhism; Bhutan; rural development; re-use; waste reduction; domestic waste; materiality; waste transformation; discard studies; reincarnation solid waste management; Vajrayana Buddhism; Bhutan; rural development; re-use; waste reduction; domestic waste; materiality; waste transformation; discard studies; reincarnation
MDPI and ACS Style

Allison, E. The Reincarnation of Waste: A Case Study of Spiritual Ecology Activism for Household Solid Waste Management: The Samdrup Jongkhar Initiative of Rural Bhutan. Religions 2019, 10, 514.

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