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Open AccessArticle

From “Lama Doctors” to “Mongolian Doctors”: Regulations of Inner Mongolian Buddhist Medicine under Changing Regimes and the Crises of Modernity (1911–1976)

Department of Religious Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93117, USA
Religions 2019, 10(6), 373; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10060373
Received: 28 May 2019 / Revised: 4 June 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 7 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Buddhist Medicine in India, Tibet, and Mongolia)
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Abstract

This paper focuses on how Buddhist medicine in twentieth-century Inner Mongolia was defined, restricted, regulated, and transformed under different ruling political regimes since the fall of the Qing empire in 1911 to the 1980s. The paper argues that the fate of Mongolian medicine was closely linked with the fate of Mongolian Buddhism in twentieth-century Inner Mongolia. As Inner Mongolian Buddhism came to be re-defined, regulated, and coerced by various systems of governance that came to rule the region, Mongolian Buddhist medicine faced crises of modernity in which processes of secularization, exercises of biopower, practices of colonial medicine, and discourses of ethnicity and hygiene challenged the tradition to either reform and adapt to new standardizations imposed by Western biomedicine or lose relevancy in rapidly evolving eras of change. View Full-Text
Keywords: Inner Mongolia; Buddhist medicine; Mongolian medicine; Tibetan medicine; biopower; modernity; colonial medicine; traditional medicine; secularization Inner Mongolia; Buddhist medicine; Mongolian medicine; Tibetan medicine; biopower; modernity; colonial medicine; traditional medicine; secularization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Duoer, D. From “Lama Doctors” to “Mongolian Doctors”: Regulations of Inner Mongolian Buddhist Medicine under Changing Regimes and the Crises of Modernity (1911–1976). Religions 2019, 10, 373.

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