Next Article in Journal
Obedience as Belonging: Catholic Guilt and Frequent Confession in America
Next Article in Special Issue
Anekāntavāda and Dialogic Identity Construction
Previous Article in Journal
“Become This Whole World”: The Phenomenology of Metaphysical Religion in Chāndogya Upaniṣad 6–8
Previous Article in Special Issue
So That It Might Become Clear: The Methods and Purposes of Narrative Abridgement in Early Modern Jain Purāṇic Composition
Article

‘Tataḥ Śrī-Gurus-Tasmai Sūrimantraṃ Dadyāt’, ‘Then the Venerable Guru Ought to Give Him the Sūrimantra’: Early Modern Digambara Jaina Bhaṭṭāraka Consecrations

Independent Researcher, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Religions 2019, 10(6), 369; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10060369
Received: 14 April 2019 / Revised: 17 May 2019 / Accepted: 17 May 2019 / Published: 4 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Jainism Studies)
As recent research on the former bhaṭṭāraka lineages of Western and Central India has shown, the early modern Digambara tradition, rather than constituting a distinct, and defective, ‘bhaṭṭāraka era’, shows much similarity to contemporary Digambara Jainism. Bhaṭṭārakas were regarded and venerated as ideal renouncers. Many of their practices accorded to those of today’s Digambara munis, and the bhaṭṭāraka saṅghas also featured renouncers of the muni and ācārya ranks, long thought to have abruptly become obsolete in the late medieval period. This new understanding of early modern Digambara Jainism is corroborated by the present article, which deals with early modern bhaṭṭāraka consecration rituals (paṭṭābhiṣeka, dīkṣā). The study is mainly based on two genres of sources. Sanskrit bhaṭṭāraka consecration manuals (dīkṣā-vidhi, pada-sthāpanā-vidhi), firstly, outline the preparations, the ritual proceedings, and the festivities to be held. Some vernacular songs of praise (gīta, etc.) of individual bhaṭṭārakas, secondly, focus specifically on their consecrations. These song compositions confirm many of the manuals’ prescriptions, while also adding elements not attested in the latter. Read in conjunction, both sources allow a relatively detailed understanding of early modern bhaṭṭāraka consecrations, show they closely resembled contemporary Digambara initiations, and confirm the former venerability of early modern bhaṭṭārakas in their own times. View Full-Text
Keywords: Jainism; Digambara; bhaṭṭārakas; early modern Indian religious traditions; asceticism; mendicant initiation; consecration rituals; Sanskrit ritual manuals; vernacular songs of praise Jainism; Digambara; bhaṭṭārakas; early modern Indian religious traditions; asceticism; mendicant initiation; consecration rituals; Sanskrit ritual manuals; vernacular songs of praise
MDPI and ACS Style

Detige, T. ‘Tataḥ Śrī-Gurus-Tasmai Sūrimantraṃ Dadyāt’, ‘Then the Venerable Guru Ought to Give Him the Sūrimantra’: Early Modern Digambara Jaina Bhaṭṭāraka Consecrations. Religions 2019, 10, 369. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10060369

AMA Style

Detige T. ‘Tataḥ Śrī-Gurus-Tasmai Sūrimantraṃ Dadyāt’, ‘Then the Venerable Guru Ought to Give Him the Sūrimantra’: Early Modern Digambara Jaina Bhaṭṭāraka Consecrations. Religions. 2019; 10(6):369. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10060369

Chicago/Turabian Style

Detige, Tillo. 2019. "‘Tataḥ Śrī-Gurus-Tasmai Sūrimantraṃ Dadyāt’, ‘Then the Venerable Guru Ought to Give Him the Sūrimantra’: Early Modern Digambara Jaina Bhaṭṭāraka Consecrations" Religions 10, no. 6: 369. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10060369

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop