Next Article in Journal
At the Still Point: The Heart of Conversion
Next Article in Special Issue
Contesting “Conversion” and “Reversion” among Young Adult Asian American Buddhists
Previous Article in Journal
The Road to Redemption: Killing Snakes in Medieval Chinese Buddhism
Previous Article in Special Issue
Good Deaths: Perspectives on Dying Well and on Medical Assistance in Dying at Thrangu Monastery Canada
 
 
Article

Living Vinaya in the United States: Emerging Female Monastic Sanghas in the West

Department of Buddhist Studies, Dharma Drum Institute of Liberal Arts, No. 700, Fagu Rd., Jinshan Dist., New Taipei City 20842, Taiwan
Dharma name: Chang-shen Shih.
Religions 2019, 10(4), 248; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10040248
Received: 19 January 2019 / Revised: 18 March 2019 / Accepted: 25 March 2019 / Published: 4 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Buddhism in the United States and Canada)
From late January to early February 2018, the first Vinaya course in the Tibetan tradition offered in the United States to train Western nuns was held in Sravasti Abbey. Vinaya masters and senior nuns from Taiwan were invited to teach the Dharmaguptaka Vinaya, which has the longest lasting bhikṣuṇī (fully ordained nun) sangha lineage in the world. During this course, almost 60 nuns from five continents, representing three different traditional backgrounds lived and studied together. Using my ethnographic work to explore this Vinaya training event, I analyze the perceived needs that have spurred Western Buddhist practitioners to form a bhikṣuṇī sangha. I show how the event demonstrates the solid transmission of an Asian Vinaya lineage to the West. I also parallel this Vinaya training event in the West to the formation of the bhikṣuṇī sangha in China in the 4th and 5th centuries, suggesting that for Buddhism in a new land, there will be much more cooperation and sharing among Buddhist nuns from different Buddhist traditions than there are among monastics in Asia where different Buddhist traditions and schools have been well-established for centuries. This Vinaya training event points to the development of the bhikṣuṇī sangha in the West being neither traditionalist nor modernist, since nuns both respect lineages from Asia, and reforms the gender hierarchy practiced in Asian Buddhism. Nuns from different traditions cooperate with each other in order to allow Buddhism to flourish in the West. View Full-Text
Keywords: bhikshuni; sangha; Vinaya; Buddhism in the West; Buddhist nun; Thubten Chodron; Sravasti Abbey; bhikshuni ordination; lineage; transmission; Buddhism in America; monasticism; bhikshuni revival movement bhikshuni; sangha; Vinaya; Buddhism in the West; Buddhist nun; Thubten Chodron; Sravasti Abbey; bhikshuni ordination; lineage; transmission; Buddhism in America; monasticism; bhikshuni revival movement
MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, C.-n. Living Vinaya in the United States: Emerging Female Monastic Sanghas in the West. Religions 2019, 10, 248. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10040248

AMA Style

Wang C-n. Living Vinaya in the United States: Emerging Female Monastic Sanghas in the West. Religions. 2019; 10(4):248. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10040248

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Ching-ning. 2019. "Living Vinaya in the United States: Emerging Female Monastic Sanghas in the West" Religions 10, no. 4: 248. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10040248

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop