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Article

A Study on the Xiuxing of Contemporary Horchin Mongolian Shamanism

Social Science Research Center, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, 318 Liuhe Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou 310023, Zhejiang, China
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Religions 2019, 10(2), 112; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10020112
Received: 8 December 2018 / Revised: 1 February 2019 / Accepted: 12 February 2019 / Published: 15 February 2019
Research has been carried out on the procedures for recruiting and training shamans among the Horchin (mainly in Tongliao City, China). This well-known problem is crucial to the development of Horchin shamanism. If a potential shaman wants to complete the transition from an ordinary person to a shaman, they need to repeat religious practices, progress spiritually, learn, and deal well with the role between their daily life and religious life. This process of Xiuxing is full of hardship. However, the issues surrounding the requirements, influencing factors, and evaluation criteria has received little attention. We have been conducting fieldwork in the Horchin area since 2013, have continuously tracked and interviewed more than 100 shamans and prospective shamans, and have obtained much fieldwork data. Through the collation, induction, and comparative study of these materials, we found that Horchin shamans are required to study the knowledge and skills of shamanism, respect their teacher, obey their principles, fulfill the duties and obligations of a shaman, and devote their lives to serving the local community. We also found that Horchin shamans are struggling to adapt their religious practices to the belief systems of the contemporary Chinese world. We also found that it is believed that, in the region, a successful shamanic career presupposes not only knowledge of rituals but also compassionate and principled behavior with respect to the clients and the community. View Full-Text
Keywords: Horchin Mongolian; shamanism; Xiuxing; inheritance of teachers’ spirit; duty and obligation; human nature Horchin Mongolian; shamanism; Xiuxing; inheritance of teachers’ spirit; duty and obligation; human nature
MDPI and ACS Style

Lun, Y.; Dong, X. A Study on the Xiuxing of Contemporary Horchin Mongolian Shamanism. Religions 2019, 10, 112. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10020112

AMA Style

Lun Y, Dong X. A Study on the Xiuxing of Contemporary Horchin Mongolian Shamanism. Religions. 2019; 10(2):112. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10020112

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lun, Yumin, and Xiaomei Dong. 2019. "A Study on the Xiuxing of Contemporary Horchin Mongolian Shamanism" Religions 10, no. 2: 112. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10020112

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