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Gender and Superstition in Modern Chinese Literature

East Asian Studies, McGill University, Montréal, H3A 1W9, Canada
Religions 2019, 10(10), 588; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10100588
Received: 24 July 2019 / Revised: 28 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 21 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religion and Chinese Literature)
This article offers a new perspective on the study of the discourse on superstition (mixin) in modern China. Drawing upon recent work on the import of the concept “superstition” to the colonial world during the 19th century, the article intervenes in the current study of the circulation of discursive constructs in area studies. This intervention is done in two ways: first, I identify how in the modern era missionaries and Western empires collaborated in linking anti-superstition thought to discourses on women’s liberation. Couched in promises of civilizational progress to cultures who free their women from backward superstitions, this historical connection between empire, gender and modern knowledge urges us to reorient our understanding of superstition merely as the ultimate other of “religion” or “science.” Second, in order to explore the nuances of the connection between gender and superstition, I turn to an archive that is currently understudied in the research on superstition in China. I propose that we mine modern Chinese literature by using literary methods. I demonstrate this proposal by reading China’s first feminist manifesto, The Women’s Bell by Jin Tianhe and the short story Medicine by Lu Xun. View Full-Text
Keywords: superstition; religion; modern; China; imperialism; gender; civilization; Jin Tianhe; Lu Xun superstition; religion; modern; China; imperialism; gender; civilization; Jin Tianhe; Lu Xun
MDPI and ACS Style

Gvili, G. Gender and Superstition in Modern Chinese Literature. Religions 2019, 10, 588.

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