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Ibn Gabirol and Judah ha-Levi’s Usage of Dialogue: The Role of the Disciple in Fons Vitae and that of the King in Kitāb al-Khazarī

Israel Heritage Department, Ariel University, Ariel 40700, Israel
Religions 2019, 10(10), 549; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10100549
Received: 13 August 2019 / Revised: 21 September 2019 / Accepted: 24 September 2019 / Published: 25 September 2019
The literary framework of Solomon Ibn Gabirol’s Fons Vitae is a conversation between a master and a disciple. In this article, the nature of the disciple’s questions will be analyzed in order to explain the advantages of the dialogical process in Ibn Gabirol’s thought. The literary framework of Judah ha-Levi’s Kitāb al-Khazarī is similar to that of Fons Vitae. Ha-Levi’s composition is built as a conversation that allegedly took place between the king of the Khazars and a Jewish scholar (ḥaver). Analysis of the king’s responses to the ḥaver shows that the king did not fully understand the ḥaver’s lessons, in which the deep meaning of Judaism is taught. In this article, the king’s responses will be analyzed and, likewise, the question of Judah ha-Levi’s intention in using this literary sophistication. As is shown in this article both famous Andalusian poets and thinkers, R. Judah ha-Levi and R. Solomon Ibn Gabirol, masters of linguistic phrasing and style, used the dialogical form not only as an opportunity to present their world views, but also as a method by which to critique their own philosophies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Solomon Ibn Gabirol; Judah ha-Levi; dialogue; Neoplatonism; Kalam; Fons Vitae; Kuzari Solomon Ibn Gabirol; Judah ha-Levi; dialogue; Neoplatonism; Kalam; Fons Vitae; Kuzari
MDPI and ACS Style

Ravitsky, A. Ibn Gabirol and Judah ha-Levi’s Usage of Dialogue: The Role of the Disciple in Fons Vitae and that of the King in Kitāb al-Khazarī. Religions 2019, 10, 549.

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