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Open AccessArticle

Internet Survey of Awareness and Behavior Related to HPV Vaccination in Japan

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata 951-8510, Japan
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga 849-8501, Japan
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo 060-8638, Japan
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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita 565-0871, Japan
5
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama 236-0004, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe La Torre
Vaccines 2021, 9(2), 87; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9020087
Received: 21 December 2020 / Revised: 20 January 2021 / Accepted: 21 January 2021 / Published: 25 January 2021
Recommendations for HPV vaccines were suspended in 2013 due to unfounded safety fears in Japan. We aimed to clarify the differences between vaccinated and unvaccinated females in their awareness, knowledge, and behaviors toward cervical cancer, HPV vaccination and sex. Questionnaires were administered online to women aged 16 to 20. We conducted investigations for the following: awareness, knowledge, and actions for cervical cancer, HPV vaccination, and sexual activity, as well as items related to participants’ social background. The survey in 828 girls revealed three points. The first is that more than half of the surveyed Japanese girls had poor knowledge about cervical cancer screening, HPV, or HPV vaccines. The second is that those in the unvaccinated group had a particularly poor knowledge of the subject and tended to have higher sexual activity. The final is that only 0.5% of the girls experienced changes in awareness about sexual activity after vaccination. In conclusion, this is the first large-scale survey analyzing the association between HPV vaccination and sexual activity in Japanese girls. Not only do unvaccinated girls not benefit from vaccines, but they also tend to engage in high-risk sexual behavior, and thus it is even more important to provide information on the effectiveness of vaccines and the usefulness of cancer screening. View Full-Text
Keywords: HPV vaccination; cervical cancer; Internet survey; sexual behavior; cancer screening HPV vaccination; cervical cancer; Internet survey; sexual behavior; cancer screening
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kudo, R.; Sekine, M.; Yamaguchi, M.; Hara, M.; Hanley, S.J.B.; Ueda, Y.; Yagi, A.; Adachi, S.; Kurosawa, M.; Miyagi, E.; Enomoto, T. Internet Survey of Awareness and Behavior Related to HPV Vaccination in Japan. Vaccines 2021, 9, 87. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9020087

AMA Style

Kudo R, Sekine M, Yamaguchi M, Hara M, Hanley SJB, Ueda Y, Yagi A, Adachi S, Kurosawa M, Miyagi E, Enomoto T. Internet Survey of Awareness and Behavior Related to HPV Vaccination in Japan. Vaccines. 2021; 9(2):87. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9020087

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kudo, Risa; Sekine, Masayuki; Yamaguchi, Manako; Hara, Megumi; Hanley, Sharon J.B.; Ueda, Yutaka; Yagi, Asami; Adachi, Sosuke; Kurosawa, Megumi; Miyagi, Etsuko; Enomoto, Takayuki. 2021. "Internet Survey of Awareness and Behavior Related to HPV Vaccination in Japan" Vaccines 9, no. 2: 87. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9020087

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