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Enzymatic Antioxidant Signatures in Hyperthermophilic Archaea

1
Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini, CNR, Via Mezzocannone 16, 80134 Napoli, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Biologia, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Complesso universitario Monte S. Angelo, Via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antioxidants 2020, 9(8), 703; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9080703
Received: 6 July 2020 / Revised: 28 July 2020 / Accepted: 31 July 2020 / Published: 3 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oxidative Stress Response in Archaea)
To fight reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by both the metabolism and strongly oxidative habitats, hyperthermophilic archaea are equipped with an array of antioxidant enzymes whose role is to protect the biological macromolecules from oxidative damage. The most common ROS, such as superoxide radical (O2•−) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), are scavenged by superoxide dismutase, peroxiredoxins, and catalase. These enzymes, together with thioredoxin, protein disulfide oxidoreductase, and thioredoxin reductase, which are involved in redox homeostasis, represent the core of the antioxidant system. In this review, we offer a panorama of progression of knowledge on the antioxidative system in aerobic or microaerobic (hyper)thermophilic archaea and possible industrial applications of these enzymes. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidant enzymes; oxidative stress; reactive oxygen species; hyperthermophiles; archaea antioxidant enzymes; oxidative stress; reactive oxygen species; hyperthermophiles; archaea
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pedone, E.; Fiorentino, G.; Bartolucci, S.; Limauro, D. Enzymatic Antioxidant Signatures in Hyperthermophilic Archaea. Antioxidants 2020, 9, 703. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9080703

AMA Style

Pedone E, Fiorentino G, Bartolucci S, Limauro D. Enzymatic Antioxidant Signatures in Hyperthermophilic Archaea. Antioxidants. 2020; 9(8):703. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9080703

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pedone, Emilia; Fiorentino, Gabriella; Bartolucci, Simonetta; Limauro, Danila. 2020. "Enzymatic Antioxidant Signatures in Hyperthermophilic Archaea" Antioxidants 9, no. 8: 703. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9080703

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