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Article

Unveiling the Phytochemical Profile and Biological Potential of Five Artemisia Species

1
Department of Pharmacognosy, Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi, 700115 Iasi, Romania
2
Physiology and Biochemistry Research Laboratory, Department of Biology, Science Faculty, Selcuk University, University Campus, 42130 Konya, Turkey
3
Department of Natural Products Chemistry, Medical University of Lublin, 20-093 Lublin, Poland
4
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Medical University of Lublin, 20-093 Lublin, Poland
5
Department of Pharmacognosy with the Medicinal Plant Garden, Medical University of Lublin, 20-093 Lublin, Poland
6
Biothermodynamics, TUM School of Life Sciences, Technical University of Munich, 85354 Freising, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: María Jesús Rodríguez-Yoldi
Antioxidants 2022, 11(5), 1017; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox11051017
Received: 12 April 2022 / Revised: 17 May 2022 / Accepted: 19 May 2022 / Published: 21 May 2022
The Artemisia L. genus comprises over 500 species with important medicinal and economic attributes. Our study aimed at providing a comprehensive metabolite profiling and bioactivity assessment of five Artemisia species collected from northeastern Romania (A. absinthium L., A. annua L., A. austriaca Jacq., A. pontica L. and A. vulgaris L.). Liquid chromatography–tandem high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS/MS) analysis of methanol and chloroform extracts obtained from the roots and aerial parts of the plants led to the identification of 15 phenolic acids (mostly hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives), 26 flavonoids (poly-hydroxylated/poly-methoxylated flavone derivatives, present only in the aerial parts), 14 sesquiterpene lactones, 3 coumarins, 1 lignan and 7 fatty acids. Clustered image map (CIM) analysis of the phytochemical profiles revealed that A. annua was similar to A. absinthium and that A. pontica was similar to A. austriaca, whereas A. vulgaris represented a cluster of its own. Correlated with their total phenolic contents, the methanol extracts from both parts of the plants showed the highest antioxidant effects, as assessed by the DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging, CUPRAC, FRAP and total antioxidant capacity methods. Artemisia extracts proved to be promising sources of enzyme inhibitory agents, with the methanol aerial part extracts being the most active samples against acetylcholinesterase and glucosidase. All Artemisia samples displayed good antibacterial effects against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra, with MIC values of 64–256 mg/L. In conclusion, the investigated Artemisia species proved to be rich sources of bioactives endowed with antioxidant, enzyme inhibitory and anti-mycobacterial properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: Artemisia; LC-HRMS/MS; chlorogenic acids; artemisinin; enzyme inhibitory; Mycobacterium; multivariate analysis Artemisia; LC-HRMS/MS; chlorogenic acids; artemisinin; enzyme inhibitory; Mycobacterium; multivariate analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Trifan, A.; Zengin, G.; Sinan, K.I.; Sieniawska, E.; Sawicki, R.; Maciejewska-Turska, M.; Skalikca-Woźniak, K.; Luca, S.V. Unveiling the Phytochemical Profile and Biological Potential of Five Artemisia Species. Antioxidants 2022, 11, 1017. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox11051017

AMA Style

Trifan A, Zengin G, Sinan KI, Sieniawska E, Sawicki R, Maciejewska-Turska M, Skalikca-Woźniak K, Luca SV. Unveiling the Phytochemical Profile and Biological Potential of Five Artemisia Species. Antioxidants. 2022; 11(5):1017. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox11051017

Chicago/Turabian Style

Trifan, Adriana, Gokhan Zengin, Kouadio Ibrahime Sinan, Elwira Sieniawska, Rafal Sawicki, Magdalena Maciejewska-Turska, Krystyna Skalikca-Woźniak, and Simon Vlad Luca. 2022. "Unveiling the Phytochemical Profile and Biological Potential of Five Artemisia Species" Antioxidants 11, no. 5: 1017. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox11051017

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