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Depressive Symptoms among Economically Disadvantaged African American Older Adults in South Los Angeles

1
Department of Family Medicine, Charles R Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
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School of Nursing, Charles R Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
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Department of Family Medicine, Charles R Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
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Department of Family Medicine, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(10), 246; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9100246
Received: 1 August 2019 / Revised: 18 September 2019 / Accepted: 18 September 2019 / Published: 22 September 2019
Background: Although social, behavioral, and health factors correlate with depressive symptoms, less is known about these links among economically disadvantaged African American (AA) older adults. Objective: To study social, behavioral, and health correlates of depressive symptoms among economically disadvantaged AA older adults. Methods: This survey was conducted in South Los Angeles between 2015 and 2018. A total number of 740 AA older adults (age ≥55 years) were entered to this study. Independent variables were gender, age, educational attainment, financial difficulties, living alone, marital status, smoking, drinking, chronic medical conditions (CMCs), and pain intensity. The dependent variable was depressive symptoms. Linear regression model was used to analyze the data. Results: Age, financial difficulties, smoking, CMCs, and pain intensity were associated with depressive symptoms. Gender, educational attainment, living arrangement, marital status, and drinking were not associated with depressive symptoms. Conclusion: Factors such as age, financial difficulties, smoking, CMCs, and pain may inform programs that wish to screen high risk economically disadvantaged AA older adults for depressive symptoms. View Full-Text
Keywords: race; blacks; African Americans; ethnic groups; depression; depressive symptoms race; blacks; African Americans; ethnic groups; depression; depressive symptoms
MDPI and ACS Style

Evans, M.C.; Cobb, S.; Smith, J.; Bazargan, M.; Assari, S. Depressive Symptoms among Economically Disadvantaged African American Older Adults in South Los Angeles. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 246.

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