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Article

Mediating Effect of Burnout on the Association between Work-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health Symptoms

1
Department of Psychology and Education, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Pólo IV, 6200-209 Covilhã, Portugal
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Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
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Centre for Occupational Medicine, Medical School, University of Pécs, 7624 Pécs, Hungary
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NECE—Research Center in Business Science, University of Beira Interior, Pólo IV, 6200-209 Covilhã, Portugal
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Institute of Cognitive Psychology, Human and Social Development (IPCDHS), 3000-115 Coimbra, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(6), 813; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060813
Received: 17 May 2021 / Revised: 16 June 2021 / Accepted: 17 June 2021 / Published: 19 June 2021
The purpose of this study was: (1) to assess levels of burnout, work-related quality of life (WRQoL) and mental health symptoms among a sample of active workers living in Portugal; (2) to analyze differences in burnout, WRQoL and mental health symptoms by gender and shift work; (3) to analyze association levels among all variables under study; (4) to determine the predictive effect of burnout and WRQoL on mental health symptoms; and (5) to assess the mediating effect of burnout on the association between WRQoL and mental health symptoms. Eight-hundred and forty-one Portuguese active workers between 18 and 67 years of age participated in this study (Mean = 37.23; SD = 11.99). Results showed that women participants scored higher in burnout and mental health symptoms, and lower in overall WRQoL, than men; additionally, participants who worked in shifts presented higher mental health symptoms. Significant correlations were found for all variables and regression analysis demonstrated that 56% of the overall variance of mental health symptoms was explained by older age, shift work, lower WRQoL, and burnout (exhaustion and cognitive impairment). Finally, the mediation effect of burnout on the association between WRQoL and mental health symptoms was statistically significant. These findings are useful for health professionals and health managers who work in the field of occupational health in identifying variables affecting burnout, WRQoL and mental health symptoms. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; work-related quality of life; mental health; depression; anxiety; somatization burnout; work-related quality of life; mental health; depression; anxiety; somatization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pereira, H.; Feher, G.; Tibold, A.; Costa, V.; Monteiro, S.; Esgalhado, G. Mediating Effect of Burnout on the Association between Work-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health Symptoms. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 813. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060813

AMA Style

Pereira H, Feher G, Tibold A, Costa V, Monteiro S, Esgalhado G. Mediating Effect of Burnout on the Association between Work-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health Symptoms. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(6):813. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060813

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pereira, Henrique, Gergely Feher, Antal Tibold, Vítor Costa, Samuel Monteiro, and Graça Esgalhado. 2021. "Mediating Effect of Burnout on the Association between Work-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health Symptoms" Brain Sciences 11, no. 6: 813. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060813

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