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Systematic Review

Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Physical and Psychological Wellbeing in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Institute for Biomedical Research and Innovation (IRIB), National Research Council of Italy (CNR), 98164 Messina, Italy
2
Classical Linguistic Studies and Education Department, Kore University of Enna, 94100 Enna, Italy
3
Departamento de Estudios Románicos, Franceses, Italianos y Traducción (ERFITEI), Universidad Complutense Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
4
Multi-Specialist Clinical Institute for Orthopaedic Trauma Care (COT), 98124 Messina, Italy
5
Operative Unit of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, School of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of Messina, 98125 Messina, Italy
6
Institute for Biomedical Research and Innovation (IRIB), National Research Council of Italy (CNR), 87050 Mangone, Italy
7
S’Anna Institute, Research in Advanced Neurorehabilitation (RAN), 88900 Crotone, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the study.
Academic Editor: Dona E. Locke
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(6), 727; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060727
Received: 28 April 2021 / Revised: 22 May 2021 / Accepted: 24 May 2021 / Published: 29 May 2021
Background: Recently, there has been an increased interest in the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) for people with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), although the exact beneficial effects remain unclear. Methods: This review aims to establish the role of MBI in the management of wellbeing for patients with CVD. Seventeen articles have been included in this systematic synthesis of the literature and eleven in the meta-analysis. Results: Considering physical (i.e., heart rate, blood pressure) and psychological outcomes (i.e., depression, anxiety, stress, styles of coping), the vast majority of studies confirmed that MBI has a positive influence on coping with psychological risk factors, also improving physiological fitness. Random-effects meta-analysis models suggested a moderate-to-large effect size in reducing anxiety, depression, stress, and systolic blood pressure. Conclusions: Although a high heterogeneity was observed in the methodological approaches, scientific literature confirmed that MBI can now be translated into a first-line intervention tool for improving physical and psychological wellbeing in CVD patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: mindfulness; cardiovascular diseases; psychological outcome; physical outcome; systematic review mindfulness; cardiovascular diseases; psychological outcome; physical outcome; systematic review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marino, F.; Failla, C.; Carrozza, C.; Ciminata, M.; Chilà, P.; Minutoli, R.; Genovese, S.; Puglisi, A.; Arnao, A.A.; Tartarisco, G.; Corpina, F.; Gangemi, S.; Ruta, L.; Cerasa, A.; Vagni, D.; Pioggia, G. Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Physical and Psychological Wellbeing in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 727. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060727

AMA Style

Marino F, Failla C, Carrozza C, Ciminata M, Chilà P, Minutoli R, Genovese S, Puglisi A, Arnao AA, Tartarisco G, Corpina F, Gangemi S, Ruta L, Cerasa A, Vagni D, Pioggia G. Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Physical and Psychological Wellbeing in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(6):727. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060727

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marino, Flavia, Chiara Failla, Cristina Carrozza, Maria Ciminata, Paola Chilà, Roberta Minutoli, Sara Genovese, Alfio Puglisi, Antonino A. Arnao, Gennaro Tartarisco, Flavio Corpina, Sebastiano Gangemi, Liliana Ruta, Antonio Cerasa, David Vagni, and Giovanni Pioggia. 2021. "Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Physical and Psychological Wellbeing in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" Brain Sciences 11, no. 6: 727. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11060727

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