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Article

Design of Fear and Anxiety of COVID-19 Assessment Tool in Spanish Adult Population

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Department of Sociology, Social Work and Public Health, Faculty of Labour Sciences, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
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Safety and Health Postgraduate Programme, Universidad Espíritu Santo, 092301 Guayaquil, Ecuador
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Nursing Department, University of Seville, 41009 Seville, Spain
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Department of Psychology, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, 41704 Dos Hermanas, Spain
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Illescas Health Centre, Castilla-La Mancha Health Service, 45200 Toledo, Spain
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Bioethics Group of the Society of Family and Community Medicine of Madrid (SoMaMFyC), 28004 Madrid, Spain
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Agorastos Agorastos
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(3), 328; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11030328
Received: 15 February 2021 / Revised: 28 February 2021 / Accepted: 2 March 2021 / Published: 5 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Behavioral Neuroscience)
The aim of this study was to develop a specific scale to measure anxiety and fear levels in the general Spanish population. For this, a transcultural adaptation to Spanish of the fear of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) scale, in its original version of 10 items, was carried out. Then, the Anxiety and Fear of COVID-19 Assessment Scale (AMICO, for its acronym in Spanish) was designed by translating the tool and Delphi technique into three rounds. Ten experts participated voluntarily, and inter-observer match rates and the reliability study of the designed scale were calculated. A pilot study was carried out with the final version of the scale for the validity and reliability study. The instrument did not raise problems in semantic and cultural terms during the first and second rounds of the translation process, with an overall weighted Kappa value of 0.9. In the third round, eight new items were designed and consensual, obtaining a weighted overall value of 0.89. The pilot study sample was made up of 445 subjects, of which 60.3% were women with a mean age of 46.2 years. The final version consisted of 16 items, 2 factors, and a Cronbach’s alpha value of 0.92. The AMICO scale was developed to assess the level of anxiety and fear of COVID-19 and proved to be valid and reliable for its use in the adult Spanish population. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; COVID-19; public health; questionnaire design; Delphi technique; stress; fear anxiety; COVID-19; public health; questionnaire design; Delphi technique; stress; fear
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gómez-Salgado, J.; Allande-Cussó, R.; Domínguez-Salas, S.; García-Iglesias, J.J.; Coronado-Vázquez, V.; Ruiz-Frutos, C. Design of Fear and Anxiety of COVID-19 Assessment Tool in Spanish Adult Population. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 328. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11030328

AMA Style

Gómez-Salgado J, Allande-Cussó R, Domínguez-Salas S, García-Iglesias JJ, Coronado-Vázquez V, Ruiz-Frutos C. Design of Fear and Anxiety of COVID-19 Assessment Tool in Spanish Adult Population. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(3):328. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11030328

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gómez-Salgado, Juan, Regina Allande-Cussó, Sara Domínguez-Salas, Juan J. García-Iglesias, Valle Coronado-Vázquez, and Carlos Ruiz-Frutos. 2021. "Design of Fear and Anxiety of COVID-19 Assessment Tool in Spanish Adult Population" Brain Sciences 11, no. 3: 328. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11030328

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