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Review

Prevention in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Lifelong Focused Approach

1
Kuwait Centre for Mental Health, Kuwait City 70031, Kuwait
2
Hellenic Scientific Network for ASD, 15231 Athens, Greece
3
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait City 46300, Kuwait
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marianthi Georgitsi
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(2), 151; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020151
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 16 January 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2021 / Published: 24 January 2021
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex highly heritable disorder, in which multiple environmental factors interact with the genes to increase its risk and lead to variable clinical presentations and outcomes. Furthermore, the inherent fundamental deficits of ASD in social attention and interaction critically diverge children from the typical pathways of learning, “creating” what we perceive as autism syndrome during the first three years of life. Later in life, training and education, the presence and management of comorbidities, as well as social and vocational support throughout the lifespan, will define the quality of life and the adaptation of an individual with ASD. Given the overall burden of ASD, prevention strategies seem like a cost-effective endeavour that we have to explore. In this paper, we take a life course approach to prevention. We will review the possibilities of the management of risk factors from preconception until the perinatal period, that of early intervention in the first three years of life and that of effective training and support from childhood until adulthood. View Full-Text
Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorder; prevention; life course approach; risk factors; early intervention Autism Spectrum Disorder; prevention; life course approach; risk factors; early intervention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Francis, K.; Karantanos, G.; Al-Ozairi, A.; AlKhadhari, S. Prevention in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Lifelong Focused Approach. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 151. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020151

AMA Style

Francis K, Karantanos G, Al-Ozairi A, AlKhadhari S. Prevention in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Lifelong Focused Approach. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(2):151. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020151

Chicago/Turabian Style

Francis, Konstantinos, Georgios Karantanos, Abdullah Al-Ozairi, and Sulaiman AlKhadhari. 2021. "Prevention in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Lifelong Focused Approach" Brain Sciences 11, no. 2: 151. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020151

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