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Open AccessArticle

Groundwater Characterization by Means of Conservative (δ18O and δ2H) and Non-Conservative (87Sr/86Sr) Isotopic Values: The Classical Karst Region Aquifer Case (Italy–Slovenia)

1
Mathematics and Geosciences Department (DMG), University of Trieste, Via Weiss, 23, 4128 Trieste, Italy
2
Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute, Dimičeva ulica, 12, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
Geological Survey of Slovenia, Dimičeva ulica, 14, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2018, 8(9), 321; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8090321
Received: 31 July 2018 / Revised: 18 August 2018 / Accepted: 21 August 2018 / Published: 28 August 2018
The study of the different hydrogeological compartments is a prerequisite for understanding and monitoring different fluxes, thereby evaluating the environmental changes in an ecosystem where anthropogenic disturbances are present in order to preserve the most vulnerable groundwaters from contamination and degradation. In many karst domains in the Mediterranean, areas groundwaters and surface waters are a single system, as a result of the features that facilitate the ingression of waters from surface to subsurface. This is also the case for the Classical Karst hydrostructure, which is a carbonate plateau that rises above the northern Adriatic Sea, shared between Italy and Slovenia. The main suppliers to the aquifer are the effective precipitations and the waters from three different rivers: Reka/Timavo, Soča/Isonzo and Vipava/Vipacco. Past and ongoing hydrogeological studies on the area have focused on the connections within the Classical Karst Region aquifer system through the analysis of water caves and springs hydrographs and chemographs. In this paper, the authors present new combined data from major ions, oxygen, hydrogen and strontium stable and radiogenic isotopes which have allowed a more complementary knowledge of the groundwater circulation, provenance and water-rock interactions. All the actions occurred in the framework of the European project HYDROKARST. View Full-Text
Keywords: Classical Karst Region; groundwater; geochemistry; oxygen (δ18O) and hydrogen (δ2H) stable isotopes; radiogenic 87Sr/86Sr isotopic ratio; water management; caves; HYDROKARST project Classical Karst Region; groundwater; geochemistry; oxygen (δ18O) and hydrogen (δ2H) stable isotopes; radiogenic 87Sr/86Sr isotopic ratio; water management; caves; HYDROKARST project
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Calligaris, C.; Mezga, K.; Slejko, F.F.; Urbanc, J.; Zini, L. Groundwater Characterization by Means of Conservative (δ18O and δ2H) and Non-Conservative (87Sr/86Sr) Isotopic Values: The Classical Karst Region Aquifer Case (Italy–Slovenia). Geosciences 2018, 8, 321.

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