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Geosciences 2018, 8(4), 123; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8040123

Membrane Separation of Ammonium Bisulfate from Ammonium Sulfate in Aqueous Solutions for CO2 Mineralisation

Thermal and Flow Engineering Laboratory, Åbo Akademi University, Piispankatu 8, 20500 Turku, Finland
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Received: 24 February 2018 / Revised: 29 March 2018 / Accepted: 2 April 2018 / Published: 4 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Sequestration)
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Abstract

The separation of ammonium bisulfate (ABS) from ammonium sulfate (AS) in aqueous solutions by monovalent ion selective membranes was studied. Optimised usage of these chemicals is both an important and challenging step towards a more efficient CO2 mineralisation process route developed at Åbo Akademi University (ÅA). The membranes were placed in a three or five-compartment electrodialysis stack. Silver, stainless steel and platinum electrodes were tested, of which a combination of Pt (anode) and stainless steel (cathode) electrodes were found to be most suitable. Separation efficiencies close to 100% were reached based on ABS concentrations in the feed solution. The tests were performed with an initial voltage of either 10 V–20 V, but limitations in the electrical power supply equipment eventually resulted in a voltage drop as separation proceeded. Exergy calculations for energy efficiency assessment show that the input exergy (electrical power) is many times higher than the reversible mixing exergy, which indicates that design modifications must be made. Further work will focus on the possibilities to make the separation even more efficient and to develop the analysis methods, besides the use of another anode material. View Full-Text
Keywords: ammonium (bi)sulfate; CCS; CO2 mineralisation; electrodialysis; ion selective membranes ammonium (bi)sulfate; CCS; CO2 mineralisation; electrodialysis; ion selective membranes
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Koivisto, E.; Zevenhoven, R. Membrane Separation of Ammonium Bisulfate from Ammonium Sulfate in Aqueous Solutions for CO2 Mineralisation. Geosciences 2018, 8, 123.

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