Next Article in Journal
Morphodynamics Assessment by Means of Mesoforms and Video-Monitoring in a Dissipative Beach
Next Article in Special Issue
Holocene Environmental and Anthropogenic Changes of Soils and Vegetation in the Central Russian Upland: The Case Study in the “Belogorie” Natural Reserve
Previous Article in Journal
The Hyper-Angular Cube Concept for Improving the Spatial and Acoustic Resolution of MBES Backscatter Angular Response Analysis
Previous Article in Special Issue
Holocene Soil Evolution in South Siberia Based on Phytolith Records and Genetic Soil Analysis (Russia)
Open AccessArticle

The Application of Buried Soil Properties for Reconstruction of Various Stages of Early Habitation at Archaeological Sites in Moscow Kremlin

1
Institute of Geography RAS, 119017 Moscow, Russia
2
Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems of Soil Science RAS, 142290 Pushchino, Russia
3
Institute of Archaeology RAS, 117036 Moscow, Russia
4
Faculty of Geography Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2018, 8(12), 447; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120447
Received: 8 October 2018 / Revised: 26 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 November 2018 / Published: 30 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Imprint of Palaeoenvironments on Soils and Palaeosols)
Combined archaeological and pedogenetic study allows reconstructing the history of early habitation in Moscow Kremlin (Moscow, Russia). The area is confined to the third terrace of Moskva River with Podzols as native soils formed in fluvioglacial sandy deposits under virgin broad-leaved forests with conifers. From the Early Iron Age (1500–2000 BP) to the 12th century, alternating stages of agricultural land use and abandonment resulted in human-induced transformation of natural ecosystems into agricultural landscapes. Agricultural land use provoked soil erosion that lead to truncation of the upper soil horizons. Sediments deposited due to slope erosion and mineral materials transported by ancient people enhanced initial lithic discontinuity of soil parent material. Ancient agricultural practices included melioration of soils by mineral and organic fertilizers. During the Early Iron Age the pasture was fertilized by ash and limed by crushed dolomite. Melioration of the 12th century included not only ash and dolomite but also crushed bones, manure and household waste. A change from the agricultural to urban land use after 15th century resulted in the accumulation of cultural layers. A few interruptions in their accumulation, which were caused by accidental fires or other phenomena, were accompanied by regeneration of natural vegetation cover and the formation of shallow soils imprinted on cultural layers. View Full-Text
Keywords: Moscow Kremlin; paleoenvironment; buried soils; cultural layers; chemical properties; micromorphology; macro and micro-elements; phytoliths; pollen; anthropogenic impact Moscow Kremlin; paleoenvironment; buried soils; cultural layers; chemical properties; micromorphology; macro and micro-elements; phytoliths; pollen; anthropogenic impact
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Golyeva, A.; Khokhlova, O.; Engovatova, A.; Koval, V.; Aleshinskaya, A.; Kochanova, M.; Makeev, A.; Puzanova, T.; Kurbanova, F. The Application of Buried Soil Properties for Reconstruction of Various Stages of Early Habitation at Archaeological Sites in Moscow Kremlin. Geosciences 2018, 8, 447. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120447

AMA Style

Golyeva A, Khokhlova O, Engovatova A, Koval V, Aleshinskaya A, Kochanova M, Makeev A, Puzanova T, Kurbanova F. The Application of Buried Soil Properties for Reconstruction of Various Stages of Early Habitation at Archaeological Sites in Moscow Kremlin. Geosciences. 2018; 8(12):447. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120447

Chicago/Turabian Style

Golyeva, Alexandra; Khokhlova, Olga; Engovatova, Asia; Koval, Vladimir; Aleshinskaya, Anna; Kochanova, Maria; Makeev, Aleksandr; Puzanova, Tatiana; Kurbanova, Fatima. 2018. "The Application of Buried Soil Properties for Reconstruction of Various Stages of Early Habitation at Archaeological Sites in Moscow Kremlin" Geosciences 8, no. 12: 447. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120447

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop