Methane Content in Ground Ice and Sediments of the Kara Sea Coast
AbstractPermafrost degradation of coastal and marine sediments of the Arctic Seas can result in large amounts of methane emitted to the atmosphere. The quantitative assessment of such emissions requires data on variability of methane content in various types of permafrost strata. To evaluate the methane concentrations in sediments and ground ice of the Kara Sea coast, samples were collected at a series of coastal exposures. Methane concentrations were determined for more than 400 samples taken from frozen sediments, ground ice and active layer. In frozen sediments, methane concentrations were lowest in sands and highest in marine clays. In ground ice, the highest concentrations above 500 ppmV and higher were found in massive tabular ground ice, with much lower methane concentrations in ground ice wedges. The mean isotopic composition of methane is −68.6‰ in permafrost and −63.6‰ in the active layer indicative of microbial genesis. The isotopic compositions of the active layer is enriched relative to permafrost due to microbial oxidation and become more depleted with depth. Ice-rich sediments of Kara Sea coasts, especially those with massive tabular ground ice, hold large amounts of methane making them potential sources of methane emissions under projected warming temperatures and increasing rates of coastal erosion. View Full-Text
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Streletskaya, I.D.; Vasiliev, A.A.; Oblogov, G.E.; Streletskiy, D.A. Methane Content in Ground Ice and Sediments of the Kara Sea Coast. Geosciences 2018, 8, 434.
Streletskaya ID, Vasiliev AA, Oblogov GE, Streletskiy DA. Methane Content in Ground Ice and Sediments of the Kara Sea Coast. Geosciences. 2018; 8(12):434.Chicago/Turabian Style
Streletskaya, Irina D.; Vasiliev, Alexander A.; Oblogov, Gleb E.; Streletskiy, Dmitry A. 2018. "Methane Content in Ground Ice and Sediments of the Kara Sea Coast." Geosciences 8, no. 12: 434.
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