Next Article in Journal
Holocene Soil Evolution in South Siberia Based on Phytolith Records and Genetic Soil Analysis (Russia)
Next Article in Special Issue
Preservation of Cultural Heritage and Resources Threatened by Climate Change
Previous Article in Journal
Ferromagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Rock Magnetic Characterization of Fossil Coral Skeletons in Ishigaki Islands, Japan
Previous Article in Special Issue
Simulations of Moisture Gradients in Wood Subjected to Changes in Relative Humidity and Temperature Due to Climate Change
Open AccessArticle

Estimators of the Impact of Climate Change in Salt Weathering of Cultural Heritage

Géosciences et Environnement Cergy—Université de Cergy-Pontoise, 95000 Neuville sur Oise, France
Geosciences 2018, 8(11), 401; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8110401
Received: 28 September 2018 / Revised: 29 October 2018 / Accepted: 31 October 2018 / Published: 3 November 2018
Changes induced by climate change in salt weathering of built cultural heritage are estimated in different ways, but generally as a function of phase changes phenomena of two common salts, sodium chloride and sodium sulfate. We propose to use not only these salts, but also other common salts as calcium sulfate, or mixtures of chlorides, sulfates, and nitrates of sodium, calcium, magnesium, and potassium. Comparisons between the predicted changes in salt weathering obtained for single salts and for combinations of different salts are presented. We applied the proposed methodology to 41 locations uniformly distributed in France. The results show that estimations of actual and evolution of future weathering depend on the selected salt or combination of salts. According to our results, when using a combination of different salts, weathering evolution is less favorable (more damage in the future) than when using a single salt. View Full-Text
Keywords: salt climatology; climate change; built cultural heritage weathering salt climatology; climate change; built cultural heritage weathering
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Menéndez, B. Estimators of the Impact of Climate Change in Salt Weathering of Cultural Heritage. Geosciences 2018, 8, 401.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop