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Open AccessArticle

A 3D Geological Model as a Base for the Development of a Conceptual Groundwater Scheme in the Area of the Colosseum (Rome, Italy)

1
CNR-Institute of Environmental Geology and Geoengineering, Area della Ricerca di Roma 1—Montelibretti Via Salaria km 29,300, 00015 Monterotondo (RM), Italy
2
Soprintendenza Speciale per il Colosseo, Museo Nazionale Romano e l’Area Archeologica di Roma (Currently the Parco Archeologico del Colosseo), Piazza S. Maria Nova, 53, 00186 Roma, Italy
3
Geoter s.r.l., Viale Piramide Cestia, 31, 00153 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2020, 10(7), 266; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10070266
Received: 11 June 2020 / Revised: 2 July 2020 / Accepted: 7 July 2020 / Published: 10 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Geoarcheology)
Geological models are very useful tools for developing conceptual schemes owing to their capacity to optimize the management of stratigraphic information. This is particularly true in areas where archaeological heritage is exposed to hydrogeological hazards; 3D models can constitute the first step toward the construction of numerical models created to understand processes and plan mitigation actions to improve visitor safety and preserve archaeological heritage. This paper illustrates the results of a 3D hydrostratigraphic model of the site of the Colosseum in the Central Archaeological Area of Rome. In recent years, this area has experienced numerous floods caused by intense meteorological events. A new borehole survey provided the opportunity to update previous maps and cross sections and build a local scale 3D model. The resulting conceptual model was used to identify primary gaps in existing knowledge about the groundwater system and to optimize the planning of a piezometer monitoring network. Further studies can then focus on the development of groundwater numerical models to verify hypotheses regarding inflow-outflow dynamics and facilitate the optimization of water management. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D geological models; groundwater conceptual model; Colosseum; hydrogeological hazards 3D geological models; groundwater conceptual model; Colosseum; hydrogeological hazards
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Di Salvo, C.; Mancini, M.; Cavinato, G.P.; Moscatelli, M.; Simionato, M.; Stigliano, F.; Rea, R.; Rodi, A. A 3D Geological Model as a Base for the Development of a Conceptual Groundwater Scheme in the Area of the Colosseum (Rome, Italy). Geosciences 2020, 10, 266.

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