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Humanities 2017, 6(1), 7;

IBM Poetry: Exploring Restriction in Computer Poems

Department of Humanities, New Jersey Institute of Technology, University Heights Newark, NJ 07102, USA
Academic Editors: Burt Kimmelman and Philip Andrew Klobucar
Received: 17 October 2016 / Revised: 28 February 2017 / Accepted: 28 February 2017 / Published: 8 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Poetics of Computation)
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In the 1960s, many years prior to the advent of personal computers and mainstream cultural accessibility to them, Emmett Williams devised a method that he felt reflected the expressive potential of algorithmic processes within a printed page’s confines. Williams’ “IBM” method serves as a “muse’s assistant,” in which a user-contrived vocabulary is employed to construct poems in which letters of words in one line are used to create subsequent lines. This article introduces the imposed conditions of Williams’ invention, comparing and placing them within a range of digital writings that appear during subsequent decades. View Full-Text
Keywords: computer poetry; algorithmic composition; permutational writing; stochastic text computer poetry; algorithmic composition; permutational writing; stochastic text

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Funkhouser, C.T. IBM Poetry: Exploring Restriction in Computer Poems. Humanities 2017, 6, 7.

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