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Humanities 2016, 5(1), 14;

Shock and Awe: Trauma as the New Colonial Frontier

School of Social Work, 2080 West Mall, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1T2, Canada
Academic Editor: Sonya Andermahr
Received: 30 September 2015 / Revised: 23 December 2015 / Accepted: 21 January 2016 / Published: 5 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Decolonizing Trauma Studies: Trauma and Postcolonialism)
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The health of Indigenous girls in Canada is often framed and addressed through health programs and interventions that are based on Western values systems that serve to further colonize girls’ health and their bodies. One of the risks of the recent attention paid to Indigenous girls’ health needs broadly and to trauma more specifically, is the danger of contributing to the “shock and awe” campaign against Indigenous girls who have experienced violence, and of creating further stigma and marginalization for girls. A focus on trauma as an individual health problem prevents and obscures a more critical, historically-situated focus on social problems under a (neo)colonial state that contribute to violence. There is a need for programs that provide safer spaces for girls that address their intersecting and emergent health needs and do not further the discourse and construction of Indigenous girls as at-risk. The author will present her work with Indigenous girls in an Indigenous girls group that resists medical and individual definitions of trauma, and instead utilizes an Indigenous intersectional framework that assists girls in understanding and locating their coping as responses to larger structural and systemic forces including racism, poverty, sexism, colonialism and a culture of violence enacted through state policy and practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: Indigenous intersectionality; decolonizing trauma; Red intersectionality; violence against Indigenous girls Indigenous intersectionality; decolonizing trauma; Red intersectionality; violence against Indigenous girls
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Clark, N. Shock and Awe: Trauma as the New Colonial Frontier. Humanities 2016, 5, 14.

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