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Metamorphosis as Origin—Koji Yamamura’s Short Animation Franz Kafka’s A Country Doctor

Faculty of Letters, Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Received: 5 March 2019 / Revised: 11 April 2019 / Accepted: 17 April 2019 / Published: 22 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Japanese Transnational Cinema)
PDF [2517 KB, uploaded 7 May 2019]


In the beginning was metamorphosis. This paradoxical thought, which the ancient Roman poet Ovidius and modern author Franz Kafka represented in their literary works, is visualized in Koji Yamamura’s short animation Franz Kafka’s A Country Doctor. Diverse metamorphoses that do and do not appear in the Kafka original are so elaborately and dynamically depicted in this animation that no live-action film could possibly represent them. In addition, the film itself can be seen as a metamorphosis, as it is an animation converted from a short story. Such a dominance of metamorphosis is also true for the transculturality and transnationalism of Yamamura’s animation. In a sense, the film results from a cultural integration of foreign language and image. However, this integration is also part of the swirl of metamorphosis. The traditional performance art Kyogen, which the director uses to voice the main characters in the animation, could not integrate foreign culture without its own diversification. Yamamura’s animation demonstrates that transculturality is another name for fundamental metamorphosis in which diversification and integration occur simultaneously. View Full-Text
Keywords: metamorphosis; animation; Franz Kafka; transculturality metamorphosis; animation; Franz Kafka; transculturality

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Kawashima, K. Metamorphosis as Origin—Koji Yamamura’s Short Animation Franz Kafka’s A Country Doctor. Arts 2019, 8, 54.

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