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What’s the Use of Culture? Cinematographers and the Culture Film in Japan in the Early 1940s

Department of Literature, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
Received: 6 January 2019 / Revised: 18 March 2019 / Accepted: 22 March 2019 / Published: 27 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Developments in Japanese Documentary Film)
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In the early 1940s Japan, cinematographers and critics feverishly discussed the notions of immediacy and authorship in relation to documentary practices. The status of cinematographers as the authors of the images that they shot was particularly questioned in those conversations due to the mechanical nature of the motion picture camera. This article mainly focuses on the discussions in the journal Eiga Gijutsu (Film Technology) in 1941–1942 over the notion of culture, and examines how cinematographers imagined their new roles in documentary practices in the cinema. View Full-Text
Keywords: documentary; cinematography; authorship; the culture film documentary; cinematography; authorship; the culture film
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Miyao, D. What’s the Use of Culture? Cinematographers and the Culture Film in Japan in the Early 1940s. Arts 2019, 8, 42.

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