Next Article in Journal
Disability in a Human Rights Context
Previous Article in Journal
Lux In Arcana: Decoding the Right to Be Forgotten in Digital Archives
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Absence of the Right to Culture of Minorities within Minorities in Israel: A Tale of a Cultural Dissent Case
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

The Cosmopolitan Future: A Feminist Approach

Department of Behavioral Sciences, The Academic College of Management, 7 Yitzhak Rabin Bld, Rishon LeZion 75190, Israel
Academic Editor: Frances Raday
Received: 18 March 2016 / Revised: 4 August 2016 / Accepted: 11 August 2016 / Published: 19 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Law - Engendering Equality)
Full-Text   |   PDF [216 KB, uploaded 19 August 2016]


This study questions the “clash of civilizations” thesis. Referring to the cosmopolitanization process as defined by Beck and Sznaider (2010), I analyze the cosmopolitanization of feminism, that is, the gradual recognition of “the others’ others”, the women, through the evolution of their political rights—the right to elect and be elected—at a global level. In this context, the descriptive representation of women, their substantive representation, and their voices within civil society in the North and the South highlight the fact that feminism is undergoing a process of cosmopolitanization, albeit in a slow and sporadic way. I present this argument from a postcolonial feminist perspective and base my research on NGOs’ data and on data provided by the Inter-Parliamentary Union and UN-Women. First, I analyze the cosmpolitanization process as applied to feminism. Then, following Beck and Sznaider (2010), I describe how this process is articulated ‘from above’ (top-down cosmopolitanization), referring to electoral data from around the world and to international law. Further, I relate to the cosmopolitanization of feminism ‘from below’, referring to feminist theories, cyberfeminism and the global civil/feminist society. In conclusion, I discuss the common future of feminism and cosmopolitanism. View Full-Text
Keywords: cosmopolitanization; feminism; descriptive representation; substantive representation; international law; human rights cosmopolitanization; feminism; descriptive representation; substantive representation; international law; human rights
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Fogiel-Bijaoui, S. The Cosmopolitan Future: A Feminist Approach. Laws 2016, 5, 34.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Laws EISSN 2075-471X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top