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COVID-19 and Religious Freedom: Some Comparative Perspectives

Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Professor of Law, Complutense University of Madrid; President of LIRCE (Instituto para el Análisis de la Libertad y la Identidad Religiosa, Cultural y Ética).
Laws 2021, 10(2), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/laws10020039
Received: 12 April 2021 / Revised: 3 May 2021 / Accepted: 8 May 2021 / Published: 18 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Crisis of Religious Freedom in the Age of COVID-19 Pandemic)
The government’s measures against COVID-19 have raised, in virtually all contemporary democracies, important issues regarding the proportionality of limitations on fundamental rights, including freedom of religion or belief. This paper analyses some of those issues with particular reference to religious freedom, in the light of the experiences of various European and American countries. It also examines the cooperation (or lack of) between governments and religious communities in the fight against the pandemic, as well the response of religious communities to anti-COVID-19 rules, which has included recently some litigation alleging the unequal treatment of religion in comparison with other activities or institutions. The author argues that more dialogue and reciprocal cooperation between governments and religious communities (and civil society in general) is needed in this type of crisis, as well a strict scrutiny of restrictions imposed on freedom of religion from the perspective of proportionality and equality. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; religious freedom; fundamental rights; discrimination; proportionality; cooperation between government and religious communities; public health COVID-19; religious freedom; fundamental rights; discrimination; proportionality; cooperation between government and religious communities; public health
MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Torrón, J. COVID-19 and Religious Freedom: Some Comparative Perspectives. Laws 2021, 10, 39. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws10020039

AMA Style

Martínez-Torrón J. COVID-19 and Religious Freedom: Some Comparative Perspectives. Laws. 2021; 10(2):39. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws10020039

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martínez-Torrón, Javier. 2021. "COVID-19 and Religious Freedom: Some Comparative Perspectives" Laws 10, no. 2: 39. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws10020039

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