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Contrasting the Emergence of the Victims’ Movements in the United States and England and Wales

Faculty of Law, McGill University; Montreal, QC H3A 1W9, Canada
Societies 2019, 9(2), 35;
Received: 8 March 2019 / Revised: 13 April 2019 / Accepted: 15 April 2019 / Published: 8 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Access to Justice: Historical Approaches to Victims of Crime)
PDF [306 KB, uploaded 8 May 2019]


Over the years, the role of victims in the criminal process has considerably evolved in common law jurisdictions, particularly in the United States and England and Wales. These notable developments have varied greatly between these two jurisdictions. These differences are in great part attributed to the different forces and rationales behind the emergence of the early victims’ movements in these respective jurisdictions. Indeed, the movements in the United States and England and Wales adopted different philosophies, strategies, and members came from different backgrounds, which can account for the differences in policies. This article engages in a process of comparative distancing between the forces that drove the movements, as well as the context under which they operated in order to understand the different policies, legal responses and debates that relate to the role of victims of crime in the two selected jurisdictions.
Keywords: victims’ movements; victim participation; comparative victims’ movements; victim participation; comparative
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Manikis, M. Contrasting the Emergence of the Victims’ Movements in the United States and England and Wales. Societies 2019, 9, 35.

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