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Societies 2018, 8(2), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/soc8020039

Prevalence and Correlates of Hopelessness among Turkish Elderly People Living with Family or in Nursing Homes

1
Department of Guidance and Psychological Counseling, Amasya University, 05100 Amasya Merkez/Amasya, Turkey
2
Department of Guidance and Psychological Counseling, Ondokuz Mayıs University, 55139 Atakum/Samsun, Turkey
3
General Directorate of Basic Education, Ministry of Education, 06650 Ankara, Turkey
4
Department of Social Services, Ondokuz Mayıs University, 55139 Samsun, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 March 2018 / Revised: 29 May 2018 / Accepted: 6 June 2018 / Published: 8 June 2018
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Abstract

The aim of the current study was to examine the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of hopelessness among Turkish elderly people. A convenience sample of 100 elderly people (51 women, 49 men) living in a city in the central Black Sea region of Turkey completed the Beck Hopelessness Scale and a data collection instrument to identify their socio-demographic information. The data was analyzed using Chi-Square, Pearson correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The study results revealed that 81% of the elderly, or approximately eight out of 10 elderly people, experience hopelessness, ranging from mild to severe levels, and that severe hopelessness is more prevalent among elderly people living in nursing homes. No gender differences were found in terms of the severity of hopelessness among the elderly. The results of the hierarchical multiple regression analysis also showed that hopelessness scores were positively associated with living in a nursing home, being widowed/a widower, and having a low monthly income. Considering the fact that hopelessness levels are correlated with suicidal thoughts, depression, and adverse health conditions, the mental health professionals who aim to increase the well-being of the elderly should conduct screening studies to determine hopelessness levels among this population. Mental health support is also recommended to increase hope among elderly Turkish people, specifically those living in nursing homes and those who are widowed/widowers and low-income individuals. View Full-Text
Keywords: hopelessness; elderly people; correlates; multiple regression analysis; Turkey hopelessness; elderly people; correlates; multiple regression analysis; Turkey
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Şahin, E.; Topkaya, N.; Gençoğlu, C.; Ersanlı, E. Prevalence and Correlates of Hopelessness among Turkish Elderly People Living with Family or in Nursing Homes. Societies 2018, 8, 39.

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