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Societies 2018, 8(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/soc8010013

A Psychometric Evaluation of a Swedish Version of the Positive–Negative Sex-Role Inventory (PN-SRI)

Neuropsychiatric Epidemiology Unit, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Centre for Ageing and Health (AgeCap) at the University of Gothenburg, Wallinsgatan 6, 43141 Mölndal, Sweden
Ingmar Skoog and Hanna Falk are joint senior authors.
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Received: 22 December 2017 / Revised: 26 January 2018 / Accepted: 30 January 2018 / Published: 22 February 2018
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Abstract

The Positive–Negative Sex-Role Inventory (PN-SRI) assesses gender identity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of a Swedish version of the PN-SRI in a population of 70-year-olds within the Gothenburg H70-study in Sweden. The overarching objective of testing the PN-SRI within the H70-study was to evaluate its usability to further study gender identity in large population-based samples of older adults. A total of 1124 individuals participated in the psychometric testing. A sub-sample of these (n = 406) provided a comprehensive survey regarding societal norms on femininity and masculinity. Reliability and validity tests were performed using Cronbach’s Alpha and factor analyses. The Cronbach’s α coefficients (0.734–0.787) indicated a satisfactory level of internal consistency, and the four-factor model (Model 2) fitted the data at an acceptable level (root-mean-square error of approximation, RMSEA = 0.068, standardized root-mean-square residual, SRMR = 0.07). This cross-cultural adaptation of the PN-SRI indicates that it may be applicable in a Swedish research setting comprising older adults. Future research is needed to further test the psychometric properties of this scale. Adding the PN-SRI to population-based studies will contribute to providing a nuanced way of analyzing differences and similarities among men and women. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender identity; norms; cross-cultural; validity; reliability; older persons; H70 study gender identity; norms; cross-cultural; validity; reliability; older persons; H70 study
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Rydberg Sterner, T.; Gudmundsson, P.; Seidu, N.; Bäckman, K.; Skoog, I.; Falk, H. A Psychometric Evaluation of a Swedish Version of the Positive–Negative Sex-Role Inventory (PN-SRI). Societies 2018, 8, 13.

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