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Societies 2018, 8(1), 11;

Age, Period, and Cohort Differences in Work Centrality and Work Values

Institute for Sociology, Centre for Social Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1097 Budapest, Hungary
MTA-ELTE Peripato Comparative Social Dynamics Research Group, 1112 Budapest, Hungary
TÁRKI Social Research Institute, 1112 Budapest, Hungary
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 5 February 2018 / Accepted: 7 February 2018 / Published: 12 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Youth Studies: Values, Practices and Discourses on Generations)
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In this paper, we analyze whether work values differ between three dimensions of time (age, birth cohort, period). Using data of five waves of the World Values Survey and the European Values Study from more than forty countries and hierarchical age-period-cohort regression models, we did not find relevant gaps between birth cohorts with respect to the relative importance of work or with respect to work values. Thus, we claim that, in European and Euro-Atlantic countries, birth cohorts, on average, do not differ significantly with regard to their work values. Our results suggest, however, that the relative importance of work is significantly higher in the middle-age groups than among the younger or older groups. Regarding work values, we found that the importance of having an interesting job, good pay, and good hours decreases with age, and that job security is equally important at every age, whereas the importance of having a useful job increases with age. View Full-Text
Keywords: work values; cohort differences; generational differences; age-period-cohort analysis work values; cohort differences; generational differences; age-period-cohort analysis

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Hajdu, G.; Sik, E. Age, Period, and Cohort Differences in Work Centrality and Work Values. Societies 2018, 8, 11.

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