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Open AccessArticle

The Influence of Context on Occupational Selection in Sport-for-Development

Department of Occupational Therapy, NYU Steinhardt, New York, NY 10003, USA
Erinoak Kids Centre for Treatment and Development, Brampton, ON L6T5C5, Canada
Canadian Mental Health Association–Toronto Branch, Toronto, ON M5G1Z8, Canada
Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G1V7, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nick Pollard and Dikaios Sakellariou
Societies 2016, 6(3), 24;
Received: 4 May 2016 / Revised: 22 June 2016 / Accepted: 25 July 2016 / Published: 10 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exploring Human Doing through an Occupational Lens)
PDF [1090 KB, uploaded 10 August 2016]


Sport-for-development (SFD) is a growing phenomenon involving engagement in sport activities to achieve international development goals. Kicking AIDS Out is one sport for development initiative that raises HIV/AIDS awareness through sport. Despite sport-for-development’s global prevalence, there is a paucity of literature exploring how activities are selected for use in differing contexts. An occupational perspective can illuminate the selection of activities, sport or otherwise, in sport-for-development programming and the context in which they are implemented. The purpose of the study was to understand how context influences the selection of sport activities in Kicking AIDS Out programs. Thematic analysis was used to guide the secondary analysis of qualitative data gathered with Kicking AIDS Out leaders in Lusaka, Zambia and Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. Findings include that leaders strive to balance their activity preferences with those activities seen as feasible and preferential within their physical, socio-historical, and cultural contexts, and that leader’s differing understandings of sport as a development tool influences their selection of activities. To enable a better fit of activities chosen for the particular context and accomplishment of international development goals, sport-for-development programmes might consider how leaders are trained to select such activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupation; sport; qualitative; Zambia; Trinidad and Tobago occupation; sport; qualitative; Zambia; Trinidad and Tobago

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Njelesani, J.; Fehlings, L.; Tsang, A.; Polatajko, H. The Influence of Context on Occupational Selection in Sport-for-Development. Societies 2016, 6, 24.

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