Next Article in Journal
Consequences of Parenting on Adolescent Outcomes
Next Article in Special Issue
Towards the “Undoing” of Gender in Mixed-Sex Martial Arts and Combat Sports
Previous Article in Journal
Social Networks as a Coping Strategy for Food Insecurity and Hunger for Young Aboriginal and Canadian Children
Previous Article in Special Issue
Taijiquan the “Taiji World” Way: Towards a Cosmopolitan Vision of Ecology
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Societies 2014, 4(3), 477-505;

I Am the Invincible Sword Goddess: Mediatization of Chinese Gender Ideology through Female Kung-Fu Practitioners in Films

Department of English Language & Literature, National University of Singapore (NUS), 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 119260, Singapore
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 May 2014 / Revised: 29 August 2014 / Accepted: 5 September 2014 / Published: 16 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Martial Arts and Society: Developing Co-Constituting Perspectives)
Full-Text   |   PDF [947 KB, uploaded 16 September 2014]   |  


The media are avid portrayers of gender binarism and the belief in male-female distinctions, which are mainly attributed to perceived differences of a physical nature. In this paper, we investigate representations of female kung-fu practitioners (nuxia) in films to discuss how processes of mediation and mediatization depict their femininity, so as to mitigate their appropriation of Chinese martial arts masculinity. Often, nuxias are portrayed as empowered women who are equipped to take control of their own lives and to courageously take on challenges from a variety of opponents. However, multimodal deconstruction of the various characteristics of nuxias must be placed in an Asian-specific context in order to understand the femininity specific to these characters and to move beyond Western gender ideologies displayed by the media. Perpetuating Confucian patriarchal ideals, nuxia roles constantly and consistently associate conformation to Confucian values with virtuousness and non-conformation with wickedness. We therefore can use the ideals of Confucianism as a more accurate foundation in deconstructing the identities of nuxias, which allows us to better understand the mediation and mediatization processes of ideologies associated with Chinese femininity and masculinity in martial arts films. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chinese femininity; Chinese masculinity; Confucian ideology; mediatization Chinese femininity; Chinese masculinity; Confucian ideology; mediatization

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hiramoto, M.; Teo, C.S.L. I Am the Invincible Sword Goddess: Mediatization of Chinese Gender Ideology through Female Kung-Fu Practitioners in Films. Societies 2014, 4, 477-505.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Societies EISSN 2075-4698 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top