Next Article in Journal
Privileged Mobility in an Age of Globality
Previous Article in Journal
Societies: An Open Access Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Societies 2011, 1(1), 3-29;

Conceptualizing Organizational Domains of Community Empowerment through Empowerment Evaluation in Estonian Communities

Institute of Political Science and Governance, University of Tallinn, Narva mnt. 10-120, Tallinn, Estonia
Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Vej 9-10, 6700 Esbjerg, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 April 2011 / Revised: 25 May 2011 / Accepted: 10 June 2011 / Published: 20 June 2011
Full-Text   |   PDF [373 KB, uploaded 20 June 2011]   |  


The importance of community empowerment has been strongly emphasized in health promotion publications in Western societies. Only a few studies exist to highlight the empowerment processes in countries in transition in Eastern Europe. A multi-stage study was designed to develop a context-specific survey instrument appropriate for evaluating the changes in the community empowerment process within the context of health promotion programs in Rapla, Estonia. The current study comprises the first stage, which aims to identify and systematize empowering domains and activities perceived by community members during the empowerment evaluation process. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with sixteen participants from three health promotion programs. Purposive sampling was used, and data were analyzed using constant comparison. The findings suggest that there are four key organizational domains that characterize the community empowerment process in Rapla: activation of the community, competence development of the community, program management development, and creation of a supportive environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: community empowerment; evaluation; Estonia; Eastern Europe community empowerment; evaluation; Estonia; Eastern Europe

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kasmel, A.; Tanggaard, P. Conceptualizing Organizational Domains of Community Empowerment through Empowerment Evaluation in Estonian Communities. Societies 2011, 1, 3-29.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Societies EISSN 2075-4698 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top