Next Article in Journal
Fatty Acid and Related Potassium Kv2 Channel Blockers: Toxicity and Physiological Actions on Mosquitoes
Previous Article in Journal
Aspects, Including Pitfalls, of Temporal Sampling of Flying Insects, with Special Reference to Aphids
Open AccessArticle

Molecular Phylogeny, Diversity and Zoogeography of Net-Winged Beetles (Coleoptera: Lycidae)

1
Laboratory of Molecular Systematics, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, 71146 Olomouc, Czech Republic
2
State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, College of Ecology and Evolution, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2018, 9(4), 154; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040154
Received: 7 August 2018 / Revised: 18 October 2018 / Accepted: 28 October 2018 / Published: 1 November 2018
We synthesize the evidence from molecular phylogenetics, extant distribution, and plate tectonics to present an insight in ancestral areas, dispersal routes and the effectiveness of geographic barriers for net-winged beetle tribes (Coleoptera: Lycidae). Samples from all zoogeographical realms were assembled and phylogenetic relationships for ~550 species and 25 tribes were inferred using nuclear rRNA and mtDNA markers. The analyses revealed well-supported clades at the rank of tribes as they have been defined using morphology, but a low support for relationships among them. Most tribes started their diversification in Southeast and East Asia or are endemic to this region. Slipinskiini and Dexorini are Afrotropical endemics and Calopterini, Eurrhacini, Thonalmini, and Leptolycini remained isolated in South America and the Caribbean after their separation from northern continents. Lycini, Calochromini, and Erotini support relationships between the Nearctic and eastern Palearctic faunas; Calochromini colonized the Afrotropical realm from East Asia and Metriorrhynchini Afrotropical and Oriental realms from the drifting Indian subcontinent. Most tribes occur in the Oriental and Sino-Japanese realms, the highest alpha-taxonomic diversity was identified in Malesian tropical rainforests. The turn-over at zoogeographical boundaries is discussed when only short distance over-sea colonization events were inferred. The lycid phylogeny shows that poor dispersers can be used for reconstruction of dispersal and vicariance history over a long time-span, but the current data are insufficient for reconstruction of the early phase of their diversification. View Full-Text
Keywords: Coleoptera; Elateroidea; Lycidae; molecular phylogeny; zoogeography; zoogeographic realms; zoogeographic boundaries; diversity Coleoptera; Elateroidea; Lycidae; molecular phylogeny; zoogeography; zoogeographic realms; zoogeographic boundaries; diversity
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Masek, M.; Motyka, M.; Kusy, D.; Bocek, M.; Li, Y.; Bocak, L. Molecular Phylogeny, Diversity and Zoogeography of Net-Winged Beetles (Coleoptera: Lycidae). Insects 2018, 9, 154.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop