Next Article in Journal
Chemical Compounds and Bioactivity of Aqueous Extracts of Alibertia spp. in the Control of Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)
Previous Article in Journal
Field Monitoring of Drosophila suzukii and Associated Communities in South Eastern France as a Pre-Requisite for Classical Biological Control
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Insects 2017, 8(4), 126;

Communication or Toxicity: What Is the Effect of Cycloheximide on Leaf-Cutting Ant Workers?

Laboratório de Insetos Sociais-Praga, Departamento de Proteção Vegetal, Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas/UNESP, Caixa Postal 237, Botucatu, SP 18603-970, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael D. Breed
Received: 11 August 2017 / Revised: 25 October 2017 / Accepted: 14 November 2017 / Published: 21 November 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [1279 KB, uploaded 18 December 2017]   |  


Leaf-cutting ants are insects that use plant material to grow fungus from which they feed. These fungus-growing ants perform various behavioral activities to establish an environment conducive to the fungus. Among these behaviors are activities that can serve to detect materials harmful to the colony, such as licking, scraping, chopping, etc. However, there are substances that may not be detected as harmful to the fungus on first contact. Cycloheximide (CHX) is one such substance, described as a fungicide that inhibits the synthesis of proteins in eukaryotes, although its mechanism of action remains unclear. The present study aimed at evaluating the behavioral changes of worker ants, time carrying orange pellets, waste deposition and mortality, when subjected to seven days of CHX-incorporated pellets and another seven days of CHX-free pellets. The fungicide adversely and structurally affected the leaf-cutter ant colonies. Their behavior went through changes, such as an increase in pellet-licking frequencies and cleaning among the ants from the third day onward. Moreover, there was an increase in time carrying orange pellets, as well as in the mortality of workers during CHX incorporation. View Full-Text
Keywords: communication; leaf-cutter ant; fungicide communication; leaf-cutter ant; fungicide

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Andrade Sousa, K.K.; da Silva Camargo, R.; Forti, L.C. Communication or Toxicity: What Is the Effect of Cycloheximide on Leaf-Cutting Ant Workers? Insects 2017, 8, 126.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Insects EISSN 2075-4450 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top