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Insects 2016, 7(1), 10;

Insecticide Resistance in Fleas

Department of Entomology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Academic Editor: Changlu Wang
Received: 13 January 2016 / Revised: 7 March 2016 / Accepted: 10 March 2016 / Published: 17 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insecticide Resistance)
Full-Text   |   PDF [199 KB, uploaded 17 March 2016]


Fleas are the major ectoparasite of cats, dogs, and rodents worldwide and potential vectors of animal diseases. In the past two decades the majority of new control treatments have been either topically applied or orally administered to the host. Most reports concerning the development of insecticide resistance deal with the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis. Historically, insecticide resistance has developed to many of the insecticides used to control fleas in the environment including carbamates, organophosphates, and pyrethroids. Product failures have been reported with some of the new topical treatments, but actual resistance has not yet been demonstrated. Failures have often been attributed to operational factors such as failure to adequately treat the pet and follow label directions. With the addition of so many new chemistries additional monitoring of flea populations is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ctenocephalides felis felis; Ctenocephalides canis; Pulex irritans; Xenospylla cheopis Ctenocephalides felis felis; Ctenocephalides canis; Pulex irritans; Xenospylla cheopis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Rust, M.K. Insecticide Resistance in Fleas. Insects 2016, 7, 10.

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