Next Article in Journal
Antagonistic Interactions between the African Weaver Ant Oecophylla longinoda and the Parasitoid Anagyrus pseudococci Potentially Limits Suppression of the Invasive Mealybug Rastrococcus iceryoides
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of Cyantraniliprole and Other Commercial Fly Baits under Laboratory and Field Conditions
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Insects 2015, 6(4), 988-1012;

A Framework for Identifying Selective Chemical Applications for IPM in Dryland Agriculture

School of BioSciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia
cesar Pty. Ltd, 293 Royal Parade, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michael J. Stout, Jeff Davis, Rodrigo Diaz and Julien M. Beuzelin
Received: 21 August 2015 / Revised: 9 December 2015 / Accepted: 11 December 2015 / Published: 16 December 2015
Full-Text   |   PDF [1324 KB, uploaded 17 December 2015]   |  


Shifts to Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in agriculture are assisted by the identification of chemical applications that provide effective control of pests relative to broad-spectrum pesticides but have fewer negative effects on natural enemy (beneficial) groups that assist in pest control. Here, we outline a framework for identifying such applications and apply this framework to field trials involving the crop establishment phase of Australian dryland cropping systems. Several chemicals, which are not presently available to farmers in Australia, were identified as providing moderate levels of pest control and seedling protection, with the potential to be less harmful to beneficial groups including predatory mites, predatory beetles and ants. This framework highlights the challenges involved in chemically controlling pests while maintaining non-target populations when pest species are present at damaging levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: pesticide; pests; toxicity; invertebrate; agro-ecosystems pesticide; pests; toxicity; invertebrate; agro-ecosystems

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Umina, P.A.; Jenkins, S.; McColl, S.; Arthur, A.; Hoffmann, A.A. A Framework for Identifying Selective Chemical Applications for IPM in Dryland Agriculture. Insects 2015, 6, 988-1012.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Insects EISSN 2075-4450 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top