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Article

Novel RNA Viruses from the Transcriptome of Pheromone Glands in the Pink Bollworm Moth, Pectinophora gossypiella

1
Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
2
The Volcani Center, Institute of Plant Protection, ARO, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jeff Wilusz
Insects 2021, 12(6), 556; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12060556
Received: 24 May 2021 / Revised: 9 June 2021 / Accepted: 11 June 2021 / Published: 15 June 2021
The pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is a major pest of cotton. In this study, we analyzed the mRNA from pheromone glands of two populations in Israel. We found several virus sequences that were the same in these populations. We identified these viruses based on high-throughput sequencing data and analysis of the assembled transcripts. Through analysis of the sequences, we identified several unique viral sequences representing possible novel viral species. Two of the viral sequences were found in relatively high abundance in pheromone glands. One of the virus sequences was also found through analysis of previous transcriptome sequencing data from the midgut of pink bollworm larvae. This is the first report of these unique viral sequences found in the pink bollworm, and these viruses could be developed to help control this pest around the world, but more research is needed to determine their utility as biological control agents.
In this study, we analyzed the transcriptome obtained from the pheromone gland isolated from two Israeli populations of the pink bollworm Pectinophora gossypiella to identify viral sequences. The lab population and the field samples carried the same viral sequences. We discovered four novel viruses: two positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses, Pectinophora gossypiella virus 1 (PecgV1, a virus of Iflaviridae) and Pectinophora gossypiella virus 4 (PecgV4, unclassified), and two negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses, Pectinophora gossypiella virus 2 (PecgV2, a virus of Phasmaviridae) and Pectinophora gossypiella virus 3 (PecgV3, a virus of Phenuiviridae). In addition, sequences derived from two negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses that belong to Mononegavirales were found in the data. Analysis of previous transcriptome sequencing data derived from the midgut of pink bollworm larvae of a USA population only identified PecgV1, but no other viruses. High viral sequence coverages of PecgV1 and PecgV4 were observed in both field and lab populations. This is the first report of viral sequences discovered from the pink bollworm. Results from this investigation suggest that the pink bollworm harbors multiple viruses. Further investigation of the viral pathogens may help to develop novel pest management strategies for control of the pink bollworm. View Full-Text
Keywords: single-stranded RNA virus; iflavirus; pink bollworm; transcriptome single-stranded RNA virus; iflavirus; pink bollworm; transcriptome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dou, X.; Liu, S.; Soroker, V.; Harari, A.; Jurenka, R. Novel RNA Viruses from the Transcriptome of Pheromone Glands in the Pink Bollworm Moth, Pectinophora gossypiella. Insects 2021, 12, 556. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12060556

AMA Style

Dou X, Liu S, Soroker V, Harari A, Jurenka R. Novel RNA Viruses from the Transcriptome of Pheromone Glands in the Pink Bollworm Moth, Pectinophora gossypiella. Insects. 2021; 12(6):556. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12060556

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dou, Xiaoyi, Sijun Liu, Victoria Soroker, Ally Harari, and Russell Jurenka. 2021. "Novel RNA Viruses from the Transcriptome of Pheromone Glands in the Pink Bollworm Moth, Pectinophora gossypiella" Insects 12, no. 6: 556. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12060556

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