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Phylogenetic Position of the Genus Alulacris (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae: Podismini) Revealed by Complete Mitogenome Evidence

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Key Laboratory of Cultivation and Protection for Non–Wood Forest Trees (Central South University of Forestry and Technology), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410004, China
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Guangxi Key Laboratory of Rare and Endangered Animal Ecology, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, China
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Key Laboratory of Forest Bio-Resources and Integrated Pest Management for Higher Education in Hunan Province, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004, China
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College of Agriculture and Biology Science, Dali University, Dali 671003, China
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Federal Scientific Center of the East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 690022 Vladivostok, Russia
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College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Klaus-Gerhard Heller
Insects 2021, 12(10), 918; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12100918
Received: 17 September 2021 / Revised: 2 October 2021 / Accepted: 4 October 2021 / Published: 8 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Insect Systematics, Phylogeny and Evolution)
The phylogenetic position of the genus Alulacris is clarified based on complete mitogenome evidence. The results show that Alulacris consistently has the closest relationship to the genus Yunnanacris of the subfamily Melanoplinae in all phylogenetic trees and is extremely similar to Yunnanacrisyunnaneus (Ramme, 1939) morphologically. Therefore, the genus Alulacris is transferred here from Catantopinae incertae sedis to the nominal subtribe Podismina of the tribe Podismini sensu Ito (2015) of the subfamily Melanoplinae.
Whole mitogenomes are a useful data source for a wide variety of research goals due to the vastly cheaper sequencing cost and the far less demanding high-quality templates. The mitogenome has demonstrated great potential in resolving phylogenetic questions in Orthoptera at different taxonomic scales as well as exploring patterns of molecular and morphological character evolutions. In this study, the complete mitogenome of Alulacrisshilinensis (Zheng, 1977) was sequenced using next-generation sequencing, the characteristics of the mitogenome are presented briefly, and the phylogeny of the Melanoplinae and Catantopinae was reconstructed using a selected dataset of mitogenome sequences under maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference frameworks. The results show that the genus was consistently assigned to the subfamily Melanoplinae rather than Catantopinae in all phylogenetic trees deduced from different datasets under different frameworks, and this finding is entirely consistent with its morphological characters. Therefore, it is more appropriate to place the genus Alulacris in Melanoplinae rather than in Catantopinae. View Full-Text
Keywords: Alulacris shilinensis; Podismini; Melanoplinae; mitogenome; phylogenetic position Alulacris shilinensis; Podismini; Melanoplinae; mitogenome; phylogenetic position
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, H.; Mao, B.; Storozhenko, S.Y.; Huang, Y.; Chen, Z.; Huang, J. Phylogenetic Position of the Genus Alulacris (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae: Podismini) Revealed by Complete Mitogenome Evidence. Insects 2021, 12, 918. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12100918

AMA Style

Xu H, Mao B, Storozhenko SY, Huang Y, Chen Z, Huang J. Phylogenetic Position of the Genus Alulacris (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae: Podismini) Revealed by Complete Mitogenome Evidence. Insects. 2021; 12(10):918. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12100918

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Haiyang, Benyong Mao, Sergey Y. Storozhenko, Yuan Huang, Zhilin Chen, and Jianhua Huang. 2021. "Phylogenetic Position of the Genus Alulacris (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae: Podismini) Revealed by Complete Mitogenome Evidence" Insects 12, no. 10: 918. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12100918

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