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Identification and Virulence Characterization of Two Akanthomyces attenuatus Isolates Against Megalurothrips usitatus (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)

Key Laboratory of Bio-Pesticide Innovation and Application, Engineering Research Centre of Biological Control, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
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Insects 2019, 10(6), 168; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10060168
Received: 30 April 2019 / Revised: 31 May 2019 / Accepted: 3 June 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
Megalurothrips usitatus (Bagnall) is one of the most harmful pests of leguminous plants. In order to expand our knowledge on the infection of M. usitatus by entomopathogenic fungi, two newly identified isolates of Akanthomyces attenuatus (Zare & Gams) were tested for their pathogenicity against M. usitatus. Both isolates of A. attenuatus (SCAUDCL-38 and SCAUDCL-56) were isolated from soil and were identified by morphological and molecular analyses. The adult females of M. usitatus were treated with five different concentrations (1 × 104, 1 × 105, 1 × 106, 1 × 107, and 1 × 108 conidia/mL) of the isolates. Our results revealed 76.25% and 57.5% mortality of M. usitatus after five days of treatment with 1 × 108 conidia/mL of SCAUDCL-38 and SCAUDCL-56, respectively. The median lethal concentrations (LC50) of SCAUDCL-38 and SCAUDCL-56 calculated through linear regression analysis after five days of fungal treatment of M. usitatus were 1.9 × 106 and 1.5 × 107 conidia/mL, respectively, whereas the median lethal time (LT50) observed for 1 × 108 conidia/mL of SCAUDCL-38 and SCAUDCL-56 were 3.52 days and 4.9 days, respectively. A. attenuatus isolates SCAUDCL-38 and SCAUDCL-56 are highly pathogenic strains of M. usitatus. These findings offer valuable information on the development and commercialization of alternative control measures against M. usitatus. View Full-Text
Keywords: Megalurothrips usitatus; Akanthomyces attenuates; entomopathogenic fungi; biological control Megalurothrips usitatus; Akanthomyces attenuates; entomopathogenic fungi; biological control
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Du, C.; Yang, B.; Wu, J.; Ali, S. Identification and Virulence Characterization of Two Akanthomyces attenuatus Isolates Against Megalurothrips usitatus (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Insects 2019, 10, 168.

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