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Insects 2019, 10(3), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10030068

Ability of Muscidifurax raptorellus and Other Parasitoids and Predators to Control Drosophila suzukii Populations in Raspberries in the Laboratory

1
Centre de Recherche en Innovation sur les Végétaux (CRIV), Université Laval, Québec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
2
Institut de Recherche et de Développement en Agroenvironnement (IRDA), Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, QC J3V 0G7, Canada
3
London Research and Development Centre—Vineland Campus, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Vineland Station, ON L0R 2E0, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 January 2019 / Revised: 15 February 2019 / Accepted: 27 February 2019 / Published: 7 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Invasive Insect Species Modelling and Control)
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Abstract

Drosophila suzukii is an invasive pest and economic threat to berry crops in Europe and the Americas. Current methods of control of this pest rely primarily on frequent applications of insecticides; therefore, there is a need for alternative control methods to reduce insecticide reliance. In this study, we evaluated the biological control potential of three parasitoid wasps: Diglyphus isaea, Muscidifurax raptorellus and Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae, and four predators: Chrysoperla carnea, Dicyphus hesperus, Orius insidiosus and Podisus maculiventris. Experiments were conducted for 15 days under controlled conditions in experimental arenas with D. suzukii females and raspberries, allowing for all life stages of D. suzukii to be available to natural enemies. Results showed the first evidence of M. raptorellus’s ability to parasitize D. suzukii, resulting in a 40% reduction. Orius insidiosus, P. vindemmiae and C. carnea were also efficient, reducing D. suzukii numbers by 49%, 43% and 32%, respectively. Predator preferences for each D. suzukii life stage were assessed. The clutch size, sex ratio and adult size variability of D. suzukii pupal parasitoids were also evaluated. This study expands the list of species that can effectively parasitize D. suzukii and provides new insights into the biological responses of M. raptorellus to D. suzukii pupae. View Full-Text
Keywords: Drosophila suzukii; biological control; invasive pest; host-parasitoid interactions; predation Drosophila suzukii; biological control; invasive pest; host-parasitoid interactions; predation
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Bonneau, P.; Renkema, J.; Fournier, V.; Firlej, A. Ability of Muscidifurax raptorellus and Other Parasitoids and Predators to Control Drosophila suzukii Populations in Raspberries in the Laboratory. Insects 2019, 10, 68.

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